2016 Census QuickStats

Australia South Australia Urban Centres and Localities

Penola

Code UCL415032 (UCL) Search for a Community Profile
People 1,312
Male 49.6%
Female 50.4%
Median age 43
Families 334
Average children per family
for families with children 1.8
for all families 0.6
All private dwellings 654
Average people per household 2.3
Median weekly household income $1,132
Median monthly mortgage repayments $1,000
Median weekly rent $180
Average motor vehicles per dwelling 1.8

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Expand People category,
includes demographics & education cultural & language diversity employment

People — demographics & education

People tables are based on a person's place of usual residence on Census night

People
Persons count based on place of usual residence on Census night
Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Male 649 49.6 825,997 49.3 11,546,638 49.3
Female 659 50.4 850,652 50.7 11,855,248 50.7
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people 10 0.8 34,184 2.0 649,171 2.8

In the 2016 Census, there were 1,312 people in Penola (Urban Centres and Localities). Of these 49.6% were male and 50.4% were female. Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people made up 0.8% of the population.

View the data quality statement for Place of Usual Residence (PURP)
Age Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Median age 43 -- 40 -- 38 --
0-4 years 82 6.3 97,072 5.8 1,464,779 6.3
5-9 years 76 5.9 100,466 6.0 1,502,646 6.4
10-14 years 84 6.5 95,461 5.7 1,397,183 6.0
15-19 years 66 5.1 100,686 6.0 1,421,595 6.1
20-24 years 66 5.1 107,986 6.4 1,566,793 6.7
25-29 years 69 5.3 107,361 6.4 1,664,602 7.1
30-34 years 73 5.6 110,751 6.6 1,703,847 7.3
35-39 years 74 5.7 102,818 6.1 1,561,679 6.7
40-44 years 82 6.3 106,650 6.4 1,583,257 6.8
45-49 years 87 6.7 113,619 6.8 1,581,455 6.8
50-54 years 89 6.9 113,272 6.8 1,523,551 6.5
55-59 years 73 5.6 111,896 6.7 1,454,332 6.2
60-64 years 92 7.1 102,028 6.1 1,299,397 5.6
65-69 years 88 6.8 96,286 5.7 1,188,999 5.1
70-74 years 60 4.6 72,563 4.3 887,716 3.8
75-79 years 47 3.6 53,885 3.2 652,657 2.8
80-84 years 30 2.3 39,374 2.3 460,549 2.0
85 years and over 58 4.5 44,479 2.7 486,842 2.1

The median age of people in Penola (Urban Centres and Localities) was 43 years. Children aged 0 - 14 years made up 18.7% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 21.8% of the population.

View the data quality statement for Age (AGEP)
Registered marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Married 514 47.9 659,638 47.7 9,148,218 48.1
Separated 32 3.0 44,199 3.2 608,059 3.2
Divorced 107 10.0 127,916 9.2 1,626,890 8.5
Widowed 93 8.7 83,281 6.0 985,204 5.2
Never married 326 30.4 468,621 33.9 6,668,910 35.0

Of people in Penola (Urban Centres and Localities) aged 15 years and over, 47.9% were married and 12.5% were either divorced or separated.

View the data quality statement for Registered marital status (MSTP)
Social marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Registered marriage 426 47.2 582,236 47.4 8,001,141 47.7
De facto marriage 128 14.2 126,020 10.3 1,751,731 10.4
Not married 348 38.6 520,539 42.4 7,024,973 41.9

In Penola (Urban Centres and Localities), of people aged 15 years and over, 47.2% of people were in a registered marriage and 14.2% were in a de facto marriage.

View the data quality statement for Social marital status (MDCP)
Education Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Preschool 17 4.9 20,292 4.2 347,621 4.8
Primary - Government 81 23.5 94,526 19.5 1,314,787 18.2
Primary - Catholic 38 11.0 26,196 5.4 380,604 5.3
Primary - other non Government 3 0.9 22,589 4.7 231,490 3.2
Secondary - Government 40 11.6 52,721 10.9 827,505 11.5
Secondary - Catholic 18 5.2 19,484 4.0 338,384 4.7
Secondary - other non Government 8 2.3 21,053 4.3 280,618 3.9
Technical or further education institution 17 4.9 31,394 6.5 424,869 5.9
University or tertiary institution 30 8.7 78,780 16.2 1,160,626 16.1
Other 3 0.9 11,501 2.4 198,383 2.8
Not stated 89 25.9 106,438 21.9 1,707,023 23.7

In Penola (Urban Centres and Localities), 25.3% of people were attending an educational institution. Of these, 35.1% were in primary school, 18.8% in secondary school and 14.0% in a tertiary or technical institution.

View the data quality statement for Educational Institution Attendee Status (TYSTAP)
Level of highest educational attainment
People aged 15 years and over
Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Bachelor Degree level and above 128 12.1 256,510 18.5 4,181,406 22.0
Advanced Diploma and Diploma level 62 5.9 115,102 8.3 1,687,893 8.9
Certificate level IV 30 2.8 42,793 3.1 551,767 2.9
Certificate level III 166 15.7 188,790 13.6 2,442,203 12.8
Year 12 141 13.3 214,813 15.5 2,994,097 15.7
Year 11 131 12.4 128,782 9.3 941,531 4.9
Year 10 132 12.5 138,607 10.0 2,054,331 10.8
Certificate level II 0 0.0 1,077 0.1 13,454 0.1
Certificate level I 0 0.0 174 0.0 2,176 0.0
Year 9 or below 123 11.6 119,572 8.6 1,529,897 8.0
No educational attainment 0 0.0 11,000 0.8 145,844 0.8
Not stated 116 11.0 129,257 9.3 1,974,794 10.4

Of people aged 15 and over in Penola (Urban Centres and Localities), 13.3% reported having completed Year 12 as their highest level of educational attainment, 18.5% had completed a Certificate III or IV and 5.9% had completed an Advanced Diploma or Diploma.

2011 benchmarks are not available for this data item.

View the data quality statement for Level of highest educational attainment (HEAP)
People — cultural & language diversity
Ancestry, top responses Penola % South Australia % Australia %

Respondents had the option of reporting up to two ancestries on their Census form, and this is captured by the Ancestry Multi Response (ANCP) variable used in this table. Therefore, the total responses count will not equal the persons count for this area. Calculated percentages represent a proportion of all responses from people in Penola (Urban Centres and Localities) (including those who did not state an ancestry).

View the data quality statement for Ancestry (ANCP)
Country of birth Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Australia 1,112 85.9 1,192,546 71.1 15,614,835 66.7
Other top responses

View the data quality statement for Country of birth (BPLP)
Country of birth of father and/or mother, stated responses Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Both parents born overseas 118 9.0 513,545 30.6 8,051,196 34.4
Father only born overseas 51 3.9 109,094 6.5 1,488,092 6.4
Mother only born overseas 45 3.4 79,405 4.7 1,094,591 4.7
Both parents born in Australia 1,013 77.3 869,207 51.8 11,070,538 47.3

In Penola (Urban Centres and Localities), 77.3% of people had both parents born in Australia and 9.0% of people had both parents born overseas.

View the data quality statement for Country of birth of father and/or mother (BPPP)
Country of birth of father, stated responses Penola % South Australia % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Country of birth of father (BPMP)
Country of birth of mother, stated responses Penola % South Australia % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Country of birth of mother (BPFP)
Religious affiliation, top responses Penola % South Australia % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Religious affiliation (RELP)
Language, top responses (other than English) Penola % South Australia % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Language spoken at home (LANP)
People — employment
Employment
People who reported being in the labour force, aged 15 years and over
Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Worked full-time 383 57.2 435,110 53.9 6,623,065 57.7
Worked part-time 211 31.5 270,409 33.5 3,491,503 30.4
Away from work 45 6.7 40,582 5.0 569,276 5.0
Unemployed 31 4.6 60,488 7.5 787,452 6.9

There were 670 people who reported being in the labour force in the week before Census night in Penola (Urban Centres and Localities). Of these 57.2% were employed full time, 31.5% were employed part-time and 4.6% were unemployed.

The ABS Labour Force Survey provides the official estimates of Australia's unemployment rate. More information about Census and labour force status is provided in Understanding the Census and Census Data.

View the data quality statement for Labour force status (LFSP)
Employment - hours worked
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Penola % South Australia % Australia %
1-15 hours per week 80 12.5 95,282 12.8 1,218,823 11.4
16-24 hours per week 57 8.9 77,283 10.4 1,079,236 10.1
25-34 hours per week 73 11.4 97,844 13.1 1,193,445 11.2
35-39 hours per week 114 17.8 153,550 20.6 2,031,263 19.0
40 hours or more per week 273 42.7 281,566 37.7 4,591,801 43.0

Of employed people in Penola (Urban Centres and Localities), 12.5% worked 1 to 15 hours, 8.9% worked 16 to 24 hours and 42.7% worked 40 hours or more.

View the data quality statement for Hours worked (HRSP)
Occupation
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Penola % South Australia % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Occupation (OCCP)
Industry of employment, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Penola % South Australia % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Industry of employment (INDP)
Median weekly incomes
People aged 15 years and over
Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Personal 660 -- 600 -- 662 --
Family 1,392 -- 1,510 -- 1,734 --
Household 1,132 -- 1,206 -- 1,438 --

The median weekly personal income for people aged 15 years and over in Penola (Urban Centres and Localities) was $660.

View the data quality statements for: Total personal income (INCP) Total family income (FINF) Total household income (HIND)

Travel to work, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Penola % South Australia % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Method of travel to work (MTWP)
Unpaid work
People aged 15 years and over
Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Did unpaid domestic work (last week) 758 70.7 982,036 71.0 13,143,914 69.0
Cared for child/children (last two weeks) 285 26.6 380,737 27.5 5,259,400 27.6
Provided unpaid assistance to a person with a disability (last two weeks) 108 10.1 168,496 12.2 2,145,203 11.3
Did voluntary work through an organisation or group (last 12 months) 353 33.1 295,670 21.4 3,620,726 19.0

In Penola (Urban Centres and Localities), of people aged 15 years and over, 70.7% did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census. During the two weeks before the Census, 26.6% provided care for children and 10.1% assisted family members or others due to a disability, long term illness or problems related to old age. In the year before the Census, 33.1% of people did voluntary work through an organisation or a group.

View the data quality statements for: Unpaid domestic work (DOMP) Unpaid child care (CHCAREP) Unpaid assistance (UNCAREP) Voluntary work (VOLWP)

Unpaid domestic work, number of hours
People aged 15 years and over
Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Less than 5 hours per week 207 19.4 299,651 21.7 4,298,593 22.6
5 to 14 hours per week 291 27.3 379,617 27.4 4,944,578 26.0
15 to 29 hours per week 140 13.1 174,791 12.6 2,189,776 11.5
30 hours or more per week 114 10.7 127,972 9.2 1,710,970 9.0

Of people who did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census in Penola (Urban Centres and Localities), 27.3% worked 5 to 14 hours, 13.1% worked 15 to 29 hours and 10.7% worked 30 hours or more.

View the data quality statement for Unpaid domestic work, number of hours (DOMP)

Expand Families category,
includes family composition employment status of couple families

Families — family composition
Family composition Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Couple family without children 154 46.0 178,588 40.2 2,291,987 37.8
Couple family with children 129 38.5 184,733 41.6 2,716,224 44.7
One parent family 52 15.5 73,128 16.5 959,543 15.8
Other family 0 0.0 7,282 1.6 102,559 1.7

Of the families in Penola (Urban Centres and Localities), 38.5% were couple families with children, 46.0% were couple families without children and 15.5% were one parent families.

View the data quality statement for Family composition (FMCF)
Single (or lone) parents
Proportion of the total single (or lone) parent population
Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Male -- 10.2 -- 19.4 -- 18.2
Female -- 89.8 -- 80.6 -- 81.8

In Penola (Urban Centres and Localities), 10.2% of single parents were male and 89.8% were female.

View the data quality statement for Family composition (FMCF)
Families — employment status of couple families
Employment status of parents in couple families
Labour force, parents or partners aged 15 years and over
Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Both employed, worked full-time 52 18.7 67,049 18.5 1,084,006 21.6
Both employed, worked part-time 8 2.9 16,589 4.6 203,596 4.1
One employed full-time, one part-time 89 32.0 83,567 23.0 1,086,460 21.7
One employed full-time, other not working 34 12.2 47,483 13.1 749,886 15.0
One employed part-time, other not working 12 4.3 23,992 6.6 302,037 6.0
Both not working 49 17.6 84,108 23.1 1,006,697 20.1
Other (includes away from work) 18 6.5 18,943 5.2 264,145 5.3
Labour force status not stated (by one or both parents in a couple family) 16 5.8 21,592 5.9 311,381 6.2

In Penola (Urban Centres and Localities), of couple families with children, 18.7% had both partners employed full-time, 2.9% had both employed part-time and 32.0% had one employed full-time and the other part-time.

The ABS Labour Force Survey provides the official estimates of Australia's unemployment rate. More information about Census and labour force status is provided in Understanding the Census and Census Data.

View the data quality statement for Labour force status of parents / partners in families (LFSF)

Expand Dwellings category,
includes dwelling structure household composition mortgage & rent number of motor vehicles internet connection

Dwellings — dwelling structure

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling count Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings 509 81.6 638,782 87.4 8,286,073 88.8
Unoccupied private dwellings 115 18.4 92,242 12.6 1,039,874 11.2

In Penola (Urban Centres and Localities), 81.6% of private dwellings were occupied and 18.4% were unoccupied.

View the data quality statements for: Dwelling type (DWTD) Dwelling Structure (STRD)

Dwelling structure
Occupied private dwellings
Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Separate house 455 89.4 496,799 77.8 6,041,788 72.9
Semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc 38 7.5 94,510 14.8 1,055,016 12.7
Flat or apartment 10 2.0 42,003 6.6 1,087,434 13.1
Other dwelling 3 0.6 3,016 0.5 64,425 0.8

Of occupied private dwellings in Penola (Urban Centres and Localities), 89.4% were separate houses, 7.5% were semi-detached, row or terrace houses, townhouses etc, 2.0% were flat or apartments and 0.6% were other dwellings.

View the data quality statement for Dwelling structure (STRD)
Number of bedrooms
Occupied private dwellings
Penola % South Australia % Australia %
None (includes bedsitters) 4 0.8 1,611 0.3 39,769 0.5
1 bedroom 11 2.2 21,505 3.4 411,252 5.0
2 bedrooms 70 13.9 118,792 18.6 1,562,759 18.9
3 bedrooms 319 63.3 333,035 52.1 3,403,190 41.1
4 or more bedrooms 85 16.9 150,400 23.5 2,670,758 32.2
Number of bedrooms not stated 15 3.0 13,455 2.1 198,351 2.4
Average number of bedrooms per dwelling 3 -- 3 -- 3.1 --
Average number of people per household 2.3 -- 2.4 -- 2.6 --

In Penola (Urban Centres and Localities), of occupied private dwellings 2.2% had 1 bedroom, 13.9% had 2 bedrooms and 63.3% had 3 bedrooms. The average number of bedrooms per occupied private dwelling was 3. The average household size was 2.3 people.

View the data quality statements for: Number of bedrooms in a private dwelling (BEDD) Number of persons usually resident in dwelling (NPRD)

Tenure
Occupied private dwellings
Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Owned outright 167 32.4 205,531 32.2 2,565,695 31.0
Owned with a mortgage 183 35.5 225,670 35.3 2,855,222 34.5
Rented 145 28.2 182,180 28.5 2,561,302 30.9
Other tenure type 3 0.6 9,847 1.5 78,994 1.0
Tenure type not stated 17 3.3 15,566 2.4 224,869 2.7

Of occupied private dwellings in Penola (Urban Centres and Localities), 32.4% were owned outright, 35.5% were owned with a mortgage and 28.2% were rented.

View the data quality statement for Tenure type (TEND)
Dwellings — household composition
Household composition Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Family households 338 66.4 436,817 68.4 5,907,625 71.3
Single (or lone) person households 154 30.3 179,119 28.0 2,023,542 24.4
Group households 17 3.3 22,855 3.6 354,917 4.3

In Penola (Urban Centres and Localities), of all households, 66.4% were family households, 30.3% were single person households and 3.3% were group households.

View the data quality statement for Household composition (HHCD)
Household income Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Less than $650 gross weekly income -- 25.7 -- 23.8 -- 20.0
More than $3000 gross weekly income -- 7.6 -- 10.7 -- 16.4

In Penola (Urban Centres and Localities), 25.7% of households had a weekly household income of less than $650 and 7.6% of households had a weekly income of more than $3000.

View the data quality statement for Household income, total weekly (HIND)
Dwellings — mortgage & rent

Proportions are calculated using all tenure types for occupied private dwellings. This excludes visitor only and other non-classifiable households.

Rent weekly payments Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Median rent 180 -- 260 -- 335 --
Households where rent payments are less than 30% of household income -- 95.6 -- 89.8 -- 88.5
Households with rent payments greater than or equal to 30% of household income -- 4.4 -- 10.2 -- 11.5

The number of households where rent payments were 30% or more of an imputed income measure are expressed in this table as a proportion of the total number of households in an area (including those households which were not renting, and excluding the small proportion of visitor-only and other non-classifiable households). The nature of the income imputation means that the reported proportion may significantly overstate the true proportion.

View the data quality statement for Rent weekly payments (RNTD)
Mortgage monthly repayments Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Median mortgage repayments 1,000 -- 1,491 -- 1,755 --
Households where mortgage repayments are less than 30% of household income -- 94.7 -- 93.4 -- 92.8
Households with mortgage repayments greater than or equal to 30% of household income -- 5.3 -- 6.6 -- 7.2

The number of households where mortgage repayments were 30% or more of an imputed income measure are expressed in this table as a proportion of the total number of households in an area (including those households which were renting, and excluding the small proportion of visitor only and other non-classifiable households). The nature of the income imputation means that the reported proportion may significantly overstate the true proportion.

View the data quality statement for Mortgage monthly repayments (MRED)
Dwellings — number of motor vehicles
Number of registered motor vehicles Penola % South Australia % Australia %
None 21 4.1 47,848 7.5 623,829 7.5
1 motor vehicle 173 33.8 228,940 35.8 2,881,485 34.8
2 motor vehicles 198 38.7 229,930 36.0 2,999,184 36.2
3 or more vehicles 104 20.3 112,047 17.5 1,496,382 18.1
Number of motor vehicles not stated 16 3.1 20,017 3.1 285,197 3.4

In Penola (Urban Centres and Localities), 33.8% of occupied private dwellings had one registered motor vehicle garaged or parked at their address, 38.7% had two registered motor vehicles and 20.3% had three or more registered motor vehicles.

View the data quality statement for Number of registered motor vehicles (VEHD)
Dwellings — internet connection
Dwelling internet connection Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Internet not accessed from dwelling 113 22.1 108,737 17.0 1,172,415 14.1
Internet accessed from dwelling 386 75.5 515,114 80.6 6,892,165 83.2
Not stated 12 2.3 14,941 2.3 221,494 2.7

In Penola (Urban Centres and Localities), 75.5% of households had at least one person access the internet from the dwelling. This could have been through a desktop/laptop computer, mobile or smart phone, tablet, music or video player, gaming console, smart TV or any other device.

View the data quality statement for Dwelling internet connection (NEDD)

Expand Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people category,
includes selected people & dwelling characteristics

People characteristics - Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples
People characteristics
Count based on place of usual residence on Census night.
Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Male 3 42.9 16,891 49.4 322,171 49.6
Female 4 57.1 17,292 50.6 326,996 50.4
Median age 23 -- 23 -- 23 --

In Penola (Urban Centres and Localities), 42.9% of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people were male and 57.1% were female. The median age was 23 years.

View the data quality statements for: Place of Usual Residence (PURP) Indigenous status (INGP)

Dwelling characteristics - Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander households

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling characteristics
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Average number of people per household 1.5 -- 3 -- 3.2 --
Average number of persons per bedroom 0 -- 1 -- 1 --
Median weekly household income 474 -- 1,014 -- 1,203 --

There has been change in methodology used to calculate the average number of persons per bedroom. To compare the time series for average number of persons per bedroom please refer to Understanding the Census and Census Data

In Penola (Urban Centres and Localities), for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, the average household size was 1.5 persons, with 0 persons per bedroom. The median household income was $474.

View the data quality statements for: Number of Bedrooms in Private Dwelling (BEDD) Household composition (HHCD) Indigenous household Indicator (INGDWTD)

Mortgage and rent
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Penola % South Australia % Australia %
Median weekly rent 195 -- 220 -- 250 --
Median monthly mortgage repayments 0 -- 1,387 -- 1,660 --

In Penola (Urban Centres and Localities), for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, the median weekly rent was $195 and the median monthly mortgage repayment was $0.

View the data quality statements for: Rent weekly payments (RNTD) Mortgage monthly repayments (MRED) Indigenous household Indicator (INGDWTD)

LATEST ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (AEST) 23/10/2017

Small random adjustments have been made to all cell values to protect the confidentiality of data. These adjustments may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from the table totals. For further information, go to the User Guide for QuickStats.

Data reported for Australia and Other Territories now includes Norfolk Island, following an amendment to the Acts Interpretation Act, 1901. Because Norfolk Island has not previously been included in the Census, any 2011 benchmarks will not include Norfolk Island.

The information contained in this QuickStat has been produced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics It contains data from the 2016 Census of Population & Housing held on 9 August 2016 Release date of this QuickStat was 23 October 2017 Some values may have been adjusted to avoid release of confidential data These adjustments may have a significant impact on the calculated percentages in QuickStats For more information refer to Introduced Random Error in the 2016 Census Dictionary. For further enquiries contact the ABS National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 www.abs.gov.au/census