2011 QuickStats Country of Birth

Census - all people - usual residents

Icon for QuickStats Country of Birth Australia

People in Australia who were born in China

Code 0 (AUST) by 6101 (BPLP)
Icon of people
People 318,969
Male 141,595
Female 177,374
Australian citizen 47.3%
Not an Australian citizen 50.8%
Icon of families
Families 117,108
Couples with children 57,090
Couples without children 42,977
One parent families 15,219
Other families 1,822
Icon of dwellings
All private dwellings 152,952
Median monthly mortgage repayment $2,000
Median weekly rent paid $350
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Expand People category,
includes demographics & education | cultural & language diversity | employment

People — demographics & education
People Born in China % All overseas born % Australian born % Total %
Total 318,969 -- 5,294,150 -- 15,017,846 -- 21,507,719 --
Male 141,595 44.4 2,593,757 49.0 7,412,598 49.4 10,634,013 49.4
Female 177,374 55.6 2,700,393 51.0 7,605,248 50.6 10,873,706 50.6

In the 2011 Census, there were 318,969 people in Australia who were born in China. Of these 44.4% were male and 55.6% were female.

Age Born in China % All overseas born % Australian born % Total %
People
0-14 years 11,949 3.7 321,002 6.1 3,640,297 24.2 4,144,025 19.3
15-24 years 72,104 22.6 509,371 9.6 2,205,772 14.7 2,866,475 13.3
25-34 years 74,085 23.2 877,998 16.6 1,912,001 12.7 2,967,018 13.8
35-44 years 48,121 15.1 869,316 16.4 2,028,894 13.5 3,063,014 14.2
45-54 years 52,921 16.6 911,673 17.2 1,878,549 12.5 2,951,545 13.7
55-64 years 28,136 8.8 800,149 15.1 1,565,325 10.4 2,503,360 11.6
65 years and over 31,653 9.9 1,004,641 19.0 1,787,005 11.9 3,012,282 14.0
 
Median age 35 -- 45 -- 33 -- 37 --

Of the population born in China who usually live in Australia, 3.7% were aged 0 - 14 years and 9.9% were aged 65 years and over. The median age of people in Australia who were born in China was 35 years.

Registered marital status Born in China % All overseas born % Australian born % Total %
People aged 15 years and over
Married 168,328 54.8 2,928,440 58.9 5,108,631 44.9 8,461,114 48.7
Separated 5,069 1.7 153,431 3.1 338,561 3.0 529,281 3.0
Divorced 17,220 5.6 408,625 8.2 950,506 8.4 1,460,899 8.4
Widowed 9,823 3.2 302,440 6.1 566,038 5.0 949,634 5.5
Never married 106,581 34.7 1,180,210 23.7 4,413,812 38.8 5,962,768 34.3

Of people in Australia aged 15 years and over who were born in China, 54.8% were married, 1.7% were separated, and 5.6% were divorced.

Marital Status Charts
Median age by registered marital status Born in China % All overseas born % Australian born % Total %
People aged 15 years and over
Married 45 -- 50 -- 50 -- 50 --
Separated 47 -- 50 -- 48 -- 49 --
Divorced 49 -- 55 -- 54 -- 54 --
Widowed 77 -- 77 -- 78 -- 78 --
Never married 23 -- 27 -- 25 -- 25 --

Of people who usually live in Australia and who were born in China the median age of married people was 45 years. Of people never married, the median age was 23 years.

Education Born in China % All overseas born % Australian born % Total %
Pre-school 687 0.2 21,003 0.4 309,313 2.1 332,843 1.5
Primary 5,700 1.8 167,232 3.2 1,575,657 10.5 1,755,208 8.2
Secondary 12,708 4.0 175,726 3.3 1,149,930 7.7 1,336,043 6.2
University or tertiary institution 59,470 18.6 310,820 5.9 615,500 4.1 932,526 4.3
Technical or further education 14,325 4.5 144,143 2.7 324,322 2.2 473,608 2.2
Other 6,290 2.0 67,731 1.3 92,172 0.6 161,660 0.8
Institution attended, type not stated 7,160 2.2 164,034 3.1 456,866 3.0 1,511,692 7.0
Not attending an educational institution 212,629 66.7 4,243,461 80.2 10,494,086 69.9 15,004,139 69.8
Total 318,969 -- 5,294,150 -- 15,017,846 -- 21,507,719 --

Of the population born in China who usually live in Australia, 33.3% were attending an educational institution. There were 1.8% in primary school, 4.0% in secondary school and 23.1% in a tertiary or technical institution.

Education Charts
People — cultural & language diversity
Year of arrival Born in China % All overseas born % Australian born % Total %
Before 1941 298 0.1 16,681 0.3 -- -- -- --
1941 - 1950 1,199 0.4 106,647 2.0 -- -- -- --
1951 - 1960 3,271 1.0 375,076 7.1 -- -- -- --
1961 - 1970 3,735 1.2 642,355 12.1 -- -- -- --
1971 - 1980 6,367 2.0 571,828 10.8 -- -- -- --
1981 - 1990 44,148 13.8 782,926 14.8 -- -- -- --
1991 - 2000 62,975 19.7 786,777 14.9 -- -- -- --
2001 - 2005 58,777 18.4 581,597 11.0 -- -- -- --
2006 - 2011 124,057 38.9 1,190,322 22.5 -- -- -- --
Born in Australia -- -- -- -- 15,017,842 -- -- --

In Australia of people who were born in China, 38.9% arrived in Australia from 2006 - 2011 and 18.4% from 2001 - 2005.

Citizenship Born in China % All overseas born % Australian born % Total %
Australian citizen 150,726 47.3 3,308,898 62.5 14,717,058 98.0 18,261,807 84.9
Not an Australian citizen 162,107 50.8 1,886,266 35.6 61,629 0.4 1,959,288 9.1

In Australia of people who were born in China, 47.3% were Australian citizens.

Birthplace of spouse or partner Born in China % All overseas born % Australian born % Total %
Spouse or partner born overseas 152,071 91.8 2,166,392 70.8 815,212 13.9 3,000,633 33.4
Spouse or partner born in Australia 9,201 5.6 815,212 26.6 4,893,731 83.3 5,724,579 63.8

In Australia of people who were born in China and had a spouse or partner, 91.8% had a spouse or partner who was born overseas and 5.6% had a spouse or partner born in Australia.

Religious affiliation, top responses Born in China % All overseas born % Australian born % Total %
Results may include 'nfd' for 'not further defined'

Religious Affiliation Charts
English language proficiency Born in China % All overseas born % Australian born % Total %
Speaks English only 10,589 3.3 2,475,678 46.8 13,801,996 91.9 16,509,291 76.8
 
Speaks other language and speaks English:
Very well or well 206,981 64.9 2,251,010 42.5 965,711 6.4 3,272,390 15.2
Not well or not at all 98,688 30.9 513,582 9.7 127,514 0.8 655,380 3.0

In Australia of people who were born in China, 3.3% spoke English only at home. A further 64.9% spoke another language but also spoke English very well or well.

People — employment
Employment Born in China % All overseas born % Australian born % Total %
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Worked full-time 97,712 56.3 1,815,912 60.9 4,481,393 59.4 6,367,554 59.7
Worked part-time 47,836 27.6 810,164 27.2 2,217,300 29.4 3,062,976 28.7
Away from work 8,960 5.2 163,025 5.5 452,103 6.0 627,797 5.9
Unemployed 19,013 11.0 192,530 6.5 398,931 5.3 600,133 5.6
Total in labour force 173,521 -- 2,981,631 -- 7,549,727 -- 10,658,460 --
 
People aged 15 years and over
Not in the labour force 130,314 42.4 1,908,619 38.4 3,687,284 32.4 5,729,306 33.0
 
View the labour force fact sheet

In Australia of people who were born in China and who were in the labour force, 56.3% worked full-time, 27.6% worked part-time and 11.0% were unemployed.

Employment - hours worked Born in China % All overseas born % Australian born % Total %
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
1-15 hours per week 17,355 11.2 253,078 9.1 823,237 11.5 1,087,799 10.8
16-24 hours per week 16,522 10.7 277,755 10.0 658,858 9.2 947,792 9.4
25-34 hours per week 13,962 9.0 279,329 10.0 735,206 10.3 1,027,380 10.2
35-39 hours per week 37,435 24.2 569,314 20.4 1,218,448 17.0 1,808,879 18.0
40 hours or more per week 60,274 39.0 1,246,601 44.7 3,262,942 45.6 4,558,678 45.3

In Australia of people who were born in China and who were employed, 39.0% worked 40 hours or more per week and 24.2% worked 35-39 hours per week.

Median age by employment status Born in China % All overseas born % Australian born % Total %
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Employed full-time 38 -- 43 -- 40 -- 40 --
Employed part-time 35 -- 42 -- 39 -- 40 --

In Australia of people who were born in China the median age for those who were employed full-time was 38, while the median age for those employed part-time was 35.

Occupation, top responses Born in China % All overseas born % Australian born % Total %
Employed people aged 15 years and over

Occupation Chart
Industry of employment, top responses Born in China % All overseas born % Australian born % Total %
Employed people aged 15 years and over

Median weekly income Born in China % All overseas born % Australian born % Total %
People aged 15 years and over
Personal 328 -- 538 -- 597 -- 577 --
Family 1,105 -- 1,485 -- 1,492 -- 1,481 --
Household 1,091 -- 1,245 -- 1,194 -- 1,234 --
Family and Household are determined for the selected country of birth, 'All overseas born' and 'Australian born' by the Reference Person and/or their spouse/partner's response to country of birth. See explanatory notes for more information.
 
View the income fact sheet

In Australia of people who were born in China, the personal weekly median income was $328. Family median weekly income was $1,105 and Household median weekly income was $1,091.

Travel to work Born in China % All overseas born % Australian born % Total %
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Car 85,566 55.4 1,731,504 62.1 4,810,606 67.3 6,620,838 65.8
Bus or train 32,759 21.2 350,975 12.6 414,430 5.8 772,912 7.7
Other 18,163 11.8 332,981 11.9 701,390 9.8 1,045,825 10.4

In Australia 55.4% of employed people who were born in China, travelled to work on census day by car, while 21.2% travelled by bus or train.

Unpaid work Born in China % All overseas born % Australian born % Total %
People aged 15 years and over
Did unpaid domestic work (last week) 173,428 56.5 3,415,647 68.7 8,587,763 75.5 12,149,347 70.0
Cared for child/children (last two weeks) 76,316 24.9 1,373,956 27.6 3,396,260 29.9 4,827,808 27.8
Provided unpaid assistance to a person with a disability (last two weeks) 27,658 9.0 512,280 10.3 1,353,534 11.9 1,896,957 10.9
Did voluntary work through an organisation or group (last 12 months) 29,788 9.7 735,396 14.8 2,321,102 20.4 3,090,874 17.8

In Australia 56.5% of people who were born in China did unpaid domestic work in the week before the census, and 24.9% cared for a child or children in the two weeks before the census.

Unpaid domestic work, number of hours Born in China % All overseas born % Australian born % Total %
People aged 15 years and over
Less than 5 hours per week 61,539 20.0 1,045,756 21.0 2,795,136 24.6 3,883,357 22.4
5 to 14 hours per week 62,125 20.2 1,281,818 25.8 3,111,380 27.3 4,444,640 25.6
15 to 29 hours per week 29,401 9.6 596,319 12.0 1,452,979 12.8 2,075,154 12.0
30 hours or more per week 20,363 6.6 491,752 9.9 1,228,268 10.8 1,746,196 10.1

In Australia of people who were born in China and who did unpaid domestic work in the week before the census, 20.2% worked 5 to 14 hours, 9.6% worked 15 to 29 hours and 6.6% worked 30 hours or more.

Expand Families category,
includes family composition | weekly income | employment status of couple families

Families — family composition

For important information on how migrant families are classified, please see the explanatory notes

Family composition Born in China % All overseas born % Australian born % Total %
Couple family without children 42,977 36.7 909,186 39.9 1,204,689 36.4 2,150,301 37.8
Couple family with children 57,090 48.7 1,086,957 47.7 1,421,441 42.9 2,534,399 44.6
One parent family 15,219 13.0 253,606 11.1 623,185 18.8 901,637 15.9
Other family 1,822 1.6 30,804 1.4 64,275 1.9 97,722 1.7
 
Families with a child under 5 18,598 15.9 368,079 16.1 629,491 19.0 997,568 17.6
Families with a child aged 0-15 years 46,512 39.7 847,725 37.2 1,401,334 42.3 2,249,060 39.6

These statistics are for families in Australia. They are for families where the reference person was born in China and also include households where the reference person was born in Australia, or did not state their country of birth, but had a partner or spouse who was born in China. Of these families, 48.7% were couple families with children, 36.7% were couple families without children and 13.0% were one parent families.

Family Charts
Families — weekly income
Median family income, couple families with two incomes Born in China % All overseas born % Australian born % Total %
Families without children 1,736 -- 2,104 -- 2,072 -- 2,081 --
Families with children 1,869 -- 2,360 -- 2,283 -- 2,310 --
 
View the income fact sheet

These statistics are for families in Australia. They are for families where the reference person was born in China and also include households where the reference person was born in Australia, or did not state their country of birth, but had a partner or spouse who was born in China. Of these families, the median weekly income for families without children was $1,736 and for families with children the median weekly income was $1,869.

Families — employment status of couple families
Employment status of parents in couple families Born in China % All overseas born % Australian born % Total %
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Both employed, worked full-time 23,099 23.1 424,216 21.3 583,765 22.2 1,015,165 21.7
Both employed, worked part-time 4,644 4.6 78,786 3.9 94,329 3.6 174,795 3.7
One employed full-time, one part-time 13,054 13.0 366,187 18.3 628,451 23.9 1,001,907 21.4
One employed full-time, other not working 19,758 19.7 351,617 17.6 378,600 14.4 736,322 15.7
One employed part-time, other not working 7,634 7.6 123,282 6.2 125,270 4.8 251,191 5.4
Both not working 21,041 21.0 428,908 21.5 451,465 17.2 899,598 19.2
Other 5,118 5.1 114,131 5.7 173,546 6.6 291,196 6.2
Labour force status not stated 5,722 5.7 109,016 5.5 190,703 7.3 314,529 6.7

These statistics are for families in Australia. They are for families where the reference person was born in China and also include households where the reference person was born in Australia, or did not state their country of birth, but had a partner or spouse who was born in China. Of these families, 23.1% of families had both parents working full-time, 13.0% of families had one parent working full-time and one parent working part-time, and 21.0% of families stated that both parents were not working.

Expand Dwellings category,
includes dwelling structure | mortgage & rent | household composition

Dwellings — dwelling structure

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

For important information on how migrant households are classified, please see the explanatory notes

Dwelling structure People born in China % All birthplace responses % Total %
Occupied private dwellings
Separate house 79,363 51.9 5,773,803 75.7 5,864,574 75.6
Semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc 21,590 14.1 749,880 9.8 765,980 9.9
Flat, unit or apartment 50,825 33.2 1,033,848 13.6 1,056,237 13.6
Other dwelling 954 0.6 63,820 0.8 66,666 0.9

These statistics are for occupied private dwellings in Australia. For the dwellings that were occupied on census night by a person or persons who were born in China, 51.9% were a separate house, 33.2% were a flat, unit or apartment, and 14.1% were a semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc.

Dwelling Structure Charts
Number of bedrooms People born in China % All birthplace responses % Total %
Occupied private dwellings
None (includes bedsitters) 1,526 1.0 40,817 0.5 42,160 0.5
1 bedroom 8,712 5.7 353,399 4.6 363,129 4.7
2 bedrooms 40,499 26.5 1,452,173 19.0 1,481,577 19.1
3 bedrooms 54,827 35.8 3,331,683 43.7 3,379,930 43.6
4 or more bedrooms 44,856 29.3 2,332,594 30.6 2,350,132 30.3
Number of bedrooms not stated 2,532 1.7 117,401 1.5 143,394 1.8

These statistics are for occupied private dwellings in Australia. For the dwellings that were occupied on census night by a person or persons who were born in China, 26.5% had two bedrooms, 35.8% had three bedrooms and 29.3% had four or more bedrooms.

Bedroom Charts
Dwellings — mortgage & rent
Mortgage and rent People born in China % All birthplace responses % Total %
Occupied private dwellings
Owned outright 37,677 24.6 2,440,739 32.0 2,488,149 32.1
Owned with a mortgage 59,558 38.9 2,691,967 35.3 2,709,433 34.9
Rented 51,318 33.6 2,265,310 29.7 2,297,458 29.6
Other tenure type 963 0.6 68,118 0.9 70,069 0.9
Tenure type not stated 3,436 2.2 161,933 2.1 195,213 2.5
 
Median monthly mortgage repayment 2,000 -- 1,800 -- 1,800 --
Median weekly rent paid 350 -- 286 -- 285 --

These statistics are for occupied private dwellings in Australia. For the dwellings that were occupied on census night by a person or persons who were born in China, 24.6% were owned outright, 38.9% were owned with a mortgage and 33.6% were rented. The median monthly mortgage repayment was $2,000 and the median weekly rent paid was $350.

Dwellings — household composition
Household composition People born in China % All birthplace responses % Total %
One family households 106,208 70.9 5,365,562 70.3 5,422,469 69.9
Multiple family households 7,614 5.1 127,500 1.7 128,147 1.7
Single (or lone) person households 17,664 11.8 1,818,070 23.8 1,888,697 24.3
Group households 18,411 12.3 316,935 4.2 321,006 4.1

All occupants of a private dwelling complete one census form and are counted as a household. 'People born in China' includes households in Australia where at least one person was born in China. Of those households, 70.9% were one family households and 11.8% were lone person households.

LATEST ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (AEST) 28/03/2013

Some values may have been adjusted to avoid release of confidential data. This may have a significant impact on the calculated percentages.

The information contained in this QuickStat has been produced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics | It contains data from the 2011 Census of Population & Housing held on 9 August 2011 | Release date of this QuickStat was 28 March 2013 | Some values may have been adjusted to avoid release of confidential data | These adjustments may have a significant impact on the calculated percentages in QuickStats | For more information refer to Introduced Random Error in the 2011 Census Dictionary. For further enquiries contact the ABS National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 | www.abs.gov.au/census

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