2016 Census QuickStats

Australia Victoria State Suburbs

Croydon (Vic.)

Code SSC20677 (SSC) Search for a Community Profile
People 26,946
Male 46.9%
Female 53.1%
Median age 38
Families 7,151
Average children per family
for families with children 1.8
for all families 0.7
All private dwellings 11,740
Average people per household 2.4
Median weekly household income $1,348
Median monthly mortgage repayments $1,733
Median weekly rent $337
Average motor vehicles per dwelling 1.7

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Expand People category,
includes demographics & education cultural & language diversity employment

People — demographics & education

People tables are based on a person's place of usual residence on Census night

People
Persons count based on place of usual residence on Census night
Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Male 12,640 46.9 2,908,077 49.1 11,546,638 49.3
Female 14,305 53.1 3,018,549 50.9 11,855,248 50.7
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people 165 0.6 47,788 0.8 649,171 2.8

In the 2016 Census, there were 26,946 people in Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs). Of these 46.9% were male and 53.1% were female. Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people made up 0.6% of the population.

View the data quality statement for Place of Usual Residence (PURP)
Age Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Median age 38 -- 37 -- 38 --
0-4 years 1,861 6.9 371,220 6.3 1,464,779 6.3
5-9 years 1,625 6.0 368,631 6.2 1,502,646 6.4
10-14 years 1,333 4.9 341,063 5.8 1,397,183 6.0
15-19 years 1,421 5.3 356,340 6.0 1,421,595 6.1
20-24 years 1,567 5.8 413,792 7.0 1,566,793 6.7
25-29 years 1,911 7.1 441,266 7.4 1,664,602 7.1
30-34 years 2,191 8.1 447,927 7.6 1,703,847 7.3
35-39 years 1,914 7.1 404,026 6.8 1,561,679 6.7
40-44 years 1,801 6.7 401,887 6.8 1,583,257 6.8
45-49 years 1,644 6.1 402,043 6.8 1,581,455 6.8
50-54 years 1,610 6.0 378,371 6.4 1,523,551 6.5
55-59 years 1,532 5.7 357,616 6.0 1,454,332 6.2
60-64 years 1,448 5.4 319,840 5.4 1,299,397 5.6
65-69 years 1,462 5.4 291,397 4.9 1,188,999 5.1
70-74 years 1,125 4.2 218,203 3.7 887,716 3.8
75-79 years 932 3.5 165,115 2.8 652,657 2.8
80-84 years 738 2.7 119,895 2.0 460,549 2.0
85 years and over 825 3.1 127,993 2.2 486,842 2.1

The median age of people in Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs) was 38 years. Children aged 0 - 14 years made up 17.9% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 18.9% of the population.

View the data quality statement for Age (AGEP)
Registered marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Married 10,335 46.7 2,344,107 48.4 9,148,218 48.1
Separated 779 3.5 146,493 3.0 608,059 3.2
Divorced 2,281 10.3 382,544 7.9 1,626,890 8.5
Widowed 1,489 6.7 251,674 5.2 985,204 5.2
Never married 7,238 32.7 1,720,887 35.5 6,668,910 35.0

Of people in Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs) aged 15 years and over, 46.7% were married and 13.8% were either divorced or separated.

View the data quality statement for Registered marital status (MSTP)
Social marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Registered marriage 9,310 46.5 2,060,766 47.8 8,001,141 47.7
De facto marriage 1,957 9.8 422,258 9.8 1,751,731 10.4
Not married 8,737 43.7 1,830,228 42.4 7,024,973 41.9

In Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs), of people aged 15 years and over, 46.5% of people were in a registered marriage and 9.8% were in a de facto marriage.

View the data quality statement for Social marital status (MDCP)
Education Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Preschool 439 6.1 94,970 5.2 347,621 4.8
Primary - Government 1,491 20.7 313,881 17.2 1,314,787 18.2
Primary - Catholic 306 4.3 102,778 5.6 380,604 5.3
Primary - other non Government 246 3.4 52,041 2.8 231,490 3.2
Secondary - Government 882 12.3 201,166 11.0 827,505 11.5
Secondary - Catholic 250 3.5 88,999 4.9 338,384 4.7
Secondary - other non Government 308 4.3 73,973 4.0 280,618 3.9
Technical or further education institution 519 7.2 103,685 5.7 424,869 5.9
University or tertiary institution 961 13.4 325,051 17.8 1,160,626 16.1
Other 300 4.2 59,498 3.3 198,383 2.8
Not stated 1,496 20.8 413,199 22.6 1,707,023 23.7

In Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs), 26.7% of people were attending an educational institution. Of these, 28.4% were in primary school, 20.0% in secondary school and 20.6% in a tertiary or technical institution.

View the data quality statement for Educational Institution Attendee Status (TYSTAP)
Level of highest educational attainment
People aged 15 years and over
Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Bachelor Degree level and above 4,763 21.5 1,177,540 24.3 4,181,406 22.0
Advanced Diploma and Diploma level 2,271 10.3 447,023 9.2 1,687,893 8.9
Certificate level IV 861 3.9 138,313 2.9 551,767 2.9
Certificate level III 2,852 12.9 555,583 11.5 2,442,203 12.8
Year 12 3,153 14.3 772,461 15.9 2,994,097 15.7
Year 11 1,538 7.0 298,342 6.2 941,531 4.9
Year 10 2,015 9.1 376,237 7.8 2,054,331 10.8
Certificate level II 8 0.0 3,233 0.1 13,454 0.1
Certificate level I 4 0.0 542 0.0 2,176 0.0
Year 9 or below 1,886 8.5 430,152 8.9 1,529,897 8.0
No educational attainment 171 0.8 48,920 1.0 145,844 0.8
Not stated 2,015 9.1 482,823 10.0 1,974,794 10.4

Of people aged 15 and over in Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs), 14.3% reported having completed Year 12 as their highest level of educational attainment, 16.8% had completed a Certificate III or IV and 10.3% had completed an Advanced Diploma or Diploma.

2011 benchmarks are not available for this data item.

View the data quality statement for Level of highest educational attainment (HEAP)
People — cultural & language diversity
Ancestry, top responses Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %

Respondents had the option of reporting up to two ancestries on their Census form, and this is captured by the Ancestry Multi Response (ANCP) variable used in this table. Therefore, the total responses count will not equal the persons count for this area. Calculated percentages represent a proportion of all responses from people in Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs) (including those who did not state an ancestry).

View the data quality statement for Ancestry (ANCP)
Country of birth Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Australia 19,136 71.0 3,845,493 64.9 15,614,835 66.7
Other top responses

View the data quality statement for Country of birth (BPLP)
Country of birth of father and/or mother, stated responses Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Both parents born overseas 8,249 30.6 2,283,741 38.5 8,051,196 34.4
Father only born overseas 2,037 7.6 365,528 6.2 1,488,092 6.4
Mother only born overseas 1,449 5.4 259,832 4.4 1,094,591 4.7
Both parents born in Australia 13,610 50.5 2,611,265 44.1 11,070,538 47.3

In Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs), 50.5% of people had both parents born in Australia and 30.6% of people had both parents born overseas.

View the data quality statement for Country of birth of father and/or mother (BPPP)
Country of birth of father, stated responses Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Country of birth of father (BPMP)
Country of birth of mother, stated responses Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Country of birth of mother (BPFP)
Religious affiliation, top responses Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Religious affiliation (RELP)
Language, top responses (other than English) Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Language spoken at home (LANP)
People — employment
Employment
People who reported being in the labour force, aged 15 years and over
Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Worked full-time 7,844 58.5 1,670,556 57.0 6,623,065 57.7
Worked part-time 4,231 31.5 920,875 31.4 3,491,503 30.4
Away from work 614 4.6 144,696 4.9 569,276 5.0
Unemployed 730 5.4 193,465 6.6 787,452 6.9

There were 13,419 people who reported being in the labour force in the week before Census night in Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs). Of these 58.5% were employed full time, 31.5% were employed part-time and 5.4% were unemployed.

The ABS Labour Force Survey provides the official estimates of Australia's unemployment rate. More information about Census and labour force status is provided in Understanding the Census and Census Data.

View the data quality statement for Labour force status (LFSP)
Employment - hours worked
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
1-15 hours per week 1,496 11.8 329,396 12.0 1,218,823 11.4
16-24 hours per week 1,309 10.3 286,191 10.5 1,079,236 10.1
25-34 hours per week 1,425 11.2 305,282 11.2 1,193,445 11.2
35-39 hours per week 2,562 20.2 511,004 18.7 2,031,263 19.0
40 hours or more per week 5,285 41.6 1,159,551 42.4 4,591,801 43.0

Of employed people in Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs), 11.8% worked 1 to 15 hours, 10.3% worked 16 to 24 hours and 41.6% worked 40 hours or more.

View the data quality statement for Hours worked (HRSP)
Occupation
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Occupation (OCCP)
Industry of employment, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Industry of employment (INDP)
Median weekly incomes
People aged 15 years and over
Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Personal 667 -- 644 -- 662 --
Family 1,715 -- 1,715 -- 1,734 --
Household 1,348 -- 1,419 -- 1,438 --

The median weekly personal income for people aged 15 years and over in Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs) was $667.

View the data quality statements for: Total personal income (INCP) Total family income (FINF) Total household income (HIND)

Travel to work, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Method of travel to work (MTWP)
Unpaid work
People aged 15 years and over
Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Did unpaid domestic work (last week) 16,072 72.6 3,315,451 68.4 13,143,914 69.0
Cared for child/children (last two weeks) 6,485 29.3 1,329,164 27.4 5,259,400 27.6
Provided unpaid assistance to a person with a disability (last two weeks) 2,572 11.6 560,866 11.6 2,145,203 11.3
Did voluntary work through an organisation or group (last 12 months) 4,299 19.4 931,546 19.2 3,620,726 19.0

In Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs), of people aged 15 years and over, 72.6% did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census. During the two weeks before the Census, 29.3% provided care for children and 11.6% assisted family members or others due to a disability, long term illness or problems related to old age. In the year before the Census, 19.4% of people did voluntary work through an organisation or a group.

View the data quality statements for: Unpaid domestic work (DOMP) Unpaid child care (CHCAREP) Unpaid assistance (UNCAREP) Voluntary work (VOLWP)

Unpaid domestic work, number of hours
People aged 15 years and over
Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Less than 5 hours per week 5,399 24.4 1,130,813 23.3 4,298,593 22.6
5 to 14 hours per week 6,221 28.1 1,232,398 25.4 4,944,578 26.0
15 to 29 hours per week 2,539 11.5 535,249 11.0 2,189,776 11.5
30 hours or more per week 1,921 8.7 416,986 8.6 1,710,970 9.0

Of people who did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census in Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs), 28.1% worked 5 to 14 hours, 11.5% worked 15 to 29 hours and 8.7% worked 30 hours or more.

View the data quality statement for Unpaid domestic work, number of hours (DOMP)

Expand Families category,
includes family composition employment status of couple families

Families — family composition
Family composition Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Couple family without children 2,667 37.3 559,717 36.5 2,291,987 37.8
Couple family with children 3,069 42.9 709,965 46.3 2,716,224 44.7
One parent family 1,306 18.3 234,596 15.3 959,543 15.8
Other family 111 1.6 27,800 1.8 102,559 1.7

Of the families in Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs), 42.9% were couple families with children, 37.3% were couple families without children and 18.3% were one parent families.

View the data quality statement for Family composition (FMCF)
Single (or lone) parents
Proportion of the total single (or lone) parent population
Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Male -- 16.7 -- 17.8 -- 18.2
Female -- 83.3 -- 82.2 -- 81.8

In Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs), 16.7% of single parents were male and 83.3% were female.

View the data quality statement for Family composition (FMCF)
Families — employment status of couple families
Employment status of parents in couple families
Labour force, parents or partners aged 15 years and over
Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Both employed, worked full-time 1,221 21.3 265,107 20.9 1,084,006 21.6
Both employed, worked part-time 221 3.9 52,749 4.2 203,596 4.1
One employed full-time, one part-time 1,375 24.0 291,419 23.0 1,086,460 21.7
One employed full-time, other not working 840 14.7 198,294 15.6 749,886 15.0
One employed part-time, other not working 350 6.1 77,946 6.1 302,037 6.0
Both not working 1,170 20.4 247,456 19.5 1,006,697 20.1
Other (includes away from work) 292 5.1 67,309 5.3 264,145 5.3
Labour force status not stated (by one or both parents in a couple family) 253 4.4 69,393 5.5 311,381 6.2

In Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs), of couple families with children, 21.3% had both partners employed full-time, 3.9% had both employed part-time and 24.0% had one employed full-time and the other part-time.

The ABS Labour Force Survey provides the official estimates of Australia's unemployment rate. More information about Census and labour force status is provided in Understanding the Census and Census Data.

View the data quality statement for Labour force status of parents / partners in families (LFSF)

Expand Dwellings category,
includes dwelling structure household composition mortgage & rent number of motor vehicles internet connection

Dwellings — dwelling structure

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling count Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings 10,437 92.5 2,112,699 88.3 8,286,073 88.8
Unoccupied private dwellings 849 7.5 278,629 11.7 1,039,874 11.2

In Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs), 92.5% of private dwellings were occupied and 7.5% were unoccupied.

View the data quality statements for: Dwelling type (DWTD) Dwelling Structure (STRD)

Dwelling structure
Occupied private dwellings
Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Separate house 9,187 88.0 1,546,945 73.2 6,041,788 72.9
Semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc 872 8.4 300,918 14.2 1,055,016 12.7
Flat or apartment 337 3.2 246,040 11.6 1,087,434 13.1
Other dwelling 4 0.0 11,093 0.5 64,425 0.8

Of occupied private dwellings in Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs), 88.0% were separate houses, 8.4% were semi-detached, row or terrace houses, townhouses etc, 3.2% were flat or apartments and 0.0% were other dwellings.

View the data quality statement for Dwelling structure (STRD)
Number of bedrooms
Occupied private dwellings
Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
None (includes bedsitters) 11 0.1 8,279 0.4 39,769 0.5
1 bedroom 249 2.4 107,356 5.1 411,252 5.0
2 bedrooms 2,769 26.5 407,620 19.3 1,562,759 18.9
3 bedrooms 4,898 46.9 930,257 44.0 3,403,190 41.1
4 or more bedrooms 2,273 21.8 608,502 28.8 2,670,758 32.2
Number of bedrooms not stated 241 2.3 50,691 2.4 198,351 2.4
Average number of bedrooms per dwelling 3 -- 3 -- 3.1 --
Average number of people per household 2.4 -- 2.6 -- 2.6 --

In Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs), of occupied private dwellings 2.4% had 1 bedroom, 26.5% had 2 bedrooms and 46.9% had 3 bedrooms. The average number of bedrooms per occupied private dwelling was 3. The average household size was 2.4 people.

View the data quality statements for: Number of bedrooms in a private dwelling (BEDD) Number of persons usually resident in dwelling (NPRD)

Tenure
Occupied private dwellings
Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Owned outright 3,427 32.8 682,685 32.3 2,565,695 31.0
Owned with a mortgage 3,897 37.3 746,502 35.3 2,855,222 34.5
Rented 2,744 26.3 607,354 28.7 2,561,302 30.9
Other tenure type 103 1.0 17,178 0.8 78,994 1.0
Tenure type not stated 271 2.6 58,983 2.8 224,869 2.7

Of occupied private dwellings in Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs), 32.8% were owned outright, 37.3% were owned with a mortgage and 26.3% were rented.

View the data quality statement for Tenure type (TEND)
Dwellings — household composition
Household composition Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Family households 7,000 67.0 1,495,290 70.8 5,907,625 71.3
Single (or lone) person households 3,133 30.0 521,828 24.7 2,023,542 24.4
Group households 309 3.0 95,588 4.5 354,917 4.3

In Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs), of all households, 67.0% were family households, 30.0% were single person households and 3.0% were group households.

View the data quality statement for Household composition (HHCD)
Household income Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Less than $650 gross weekly income -- 21.0 -- 20.3 -- 20.0
More than $3000 gross weekly income -- 11.8 -- 15.5 -- 16.4

In Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs), 21.0% of households had a weekly household income of less than $650 and 11.8% of households had a weekly income of more than $3000.

View the data quality statement for Household income, total weekly (HIND)
Dwellings — mortgage & rent

Proportions are calculated using all tenure types for occupied private dwellings. This excludes visitor only and other non-classifiable households.

Rent weekly payments Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Median rent 337 -- 325 -- 335 --
Households where rent payments are less than 30% of household income -- 89.1 -- 89.6 -- 88.5
Households with rent payments greater than or equal to 30% of household income -- 10.9 -- 10.4 -- 11.5

The number of households where rent payments were 30% or more of an imputed income measure are expressed in this table as a proportion of the total number of households in an area (including those households which were not renting, and excluding the small proportion of visitor-only and other non-classifiable households). The nature of the income imputation means that the reported proportion may significantly overstate the true proportion.

View the data quality statement for Rent weekly payments (RNTD)
Mortgage monthly repayments Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Median mortgage repayments 1,733 -- 1,728 -- 1,755 --
Households where mortgage repayments are less than 30% of household income -- 92.3 -- 92.5 -- 92.8
Households with mortgage repayments greater than or equal to 30% of household income -- 7.7 -- 7.5 -- 7.2

The number of households where mortgage repayments were 30% or more of an imputed income measure are expressed in this table as a proportion of the total number of households in an area (including those households which were renting, and excluding the small proportion of visitor only and other non-classifiable households). The nature of the income imputation means that the reported proportion may significantly overstate the true proportion.

View the data quality statement for Mortgage monthly repayments (MRED)
Dwellings — number of motor vehicles
Number of registered motor vehicles Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
None 628 6.0 166,061 7.9 623,829 7.5
1 motor vehicle 4,051 38.8 722,675 34.2 2,881,485 34.8
2 motor vehicles 3,892 37.3 776,286 36.7 2,999,184 36.2
3 or more vehicles 1,542 14.8 374,426 17.7 1,496,382 18.1
Number of motor vehicles not stated 324 3.1 73,257 3.5 285,197 3.4

In Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs), 38.8% of occupied private dwellings had one registered motor vehicle garaged or parked at their address, 37.3% had two registered motor vehicles and 14.8% had three or more registered motor vehicles.

View the data quality statement for Number of registered motor vehicles (VEHD)
Dwellings — internet connection
Dwelling internet connection Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Internet not accessed from dwelling 1,324 12.7 287,506 13.6 1,172,415 14.1
Internet accessed from dwelling 8,851 84.8 1,768,050 83.7 6,892,165 83.2
Not stated 265 2.5 57,157 2.7 221,494 2.7

In Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs), 84.8% of households had at least one person access the internet from the dwelling. This could have been through a desktop/laptop computer, mobile or smart phone, tablet, music or video player, gaming console, smart TV or any other device.

View the data quality statement for Dwelling internet connection (NEDD)

Expand Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people category,
includes selected people & dwelling characteristics

People characteristics - Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples
People characteristics
Count based on place of usual residence on Census night.
Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Male 87 52.4 23,622 49.4 322,171 49.6
Female 79 47.6 24,159 50.6 326,996 50.4
Median age 28 -- 23 -- 23 --

In Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs), 52.4% of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people were male and 47.6% were female. The median age was 28 years.

View the data quality statements for: Place of Usual Residence (PURP) Indigenous status (INGP)

Dwelling characteristics - Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander households

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling characteristics
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Average number of people per household 3 -- 3 -- 3.2 --
Average number of persons per bedroom 0.9 -- 1 -- 1 --
Median weekly household income 1,437 -- 1,200 -- 1,203 --

There has been change in methodology used to calculate the average number of persons per bedroom. To compare the time series for average number of persons per bedroom please refer to Understanding the Census and Census Data

In Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs), for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, the average household size was 3 persons, with 0.9 persons per bedroom. The median household income was $1,437.

View the data quality statements for: Number of Bedrooms in Private Dwelling (BEDD) Household composition (HHCD) Indigenous household Indicator (INGDWTD)

Mortgage and rent
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Croydon (Vic.) % Victoria % Australia %
Median weekly rent 351 -- 261 -- 250 --
Median monthly mortgage repayments 1,733 -- 1,517 -- 1,660 --

In Croydon (Vic.) (State Suburbs), for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, the median weekly rent was $351 and the median monthly mortgage repayment was $1,733.

View the data quality statements for: Rent weekly payments (RNTD) Mortgage monthly repayments (MRED) Indigenous household Indicator (INGDWTD)

LATEST ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (AEST) 23/10/2017

Small random adjustments have been made to all cell values to protect the confidentiality of data. These adjustments may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from the table totals. For further information, go to the User Guide for QuickStats.

Data reported for Australia and Other Territories now includes Norfolk Island, following an amendment to the Acts Interpretation Act, 1901. Because Norfolk Island has not previously been included in the Census, any 2011 benchmarks will not include Norfolk Island.

The information contained in this QuickStat has been produced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics It contains data from the 2016 Census of Population & Housing held on 9 August 2016 Release date of this QuickStat was 23 October 2017 Some values may have been adjusted to avoid release of confidential data These adjustments may have a significant impact on the calculated percentages in QuickStats For more information refer to Introduced Random Error in the 2016 Census Dictionary. For further enquiries contact the ABS National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 www.abs.gov.au/census