2016 Census QuickStats

Australia State/Territory

Western Australia

Code 5 (STE) Search for a Community Profile
People 2,474,410
Male 50%
Female 50%
Median age 36
Families 644,189
Average children per family
for families with children 1.9
for all families 0.8
All private dwellings 1,070,962
Average people per household 2.6
Median weekly household income $1,595
Median monthly mortgage repayments $1,993
Median weekly rent $347
Average motor vehicles per dwelling 1.9

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Expand People category,
includes demographics & education cultural & language diversity employment

People — demographics & education

People tables are based on a person's place of usual residence on Census night

People
Persons count based on place of usual residence on Census night
Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Male 1,238,419 50.0 1,126,175 50.3 11,546,638 49.3
Female 1,235,994 50.0 1,112,991 49.7 11,855,248 50.7
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people 75,978 3.1 69,664 3.1 649,171 2.8

In the 2016 Census, there were 2,474,410 people in Western Australia. Of these 50.0% were male and 50.0% were female. Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people made up 3.1% of the population.

View the data quality statement for Place of Usual Residence (PURP)
Age Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Median age 36 -- 36 -- 38 --
0-4 years 161,727 6.5 151,263 6.8 1,464,779 6.3
5-9 years 164,153 6.6 142,775 6.4 1,502,646 6.4
10-14 years 150,806 6.1 146,034 6.5 1,397,183 6.0
15-19 years 149,997 6.1 148,209 6.6 1,421,595 6.1
20-24 years 160,332 6.5 159,011 7.1 1,566,793 6.7
25-29 years 184,908 7.5 167,944 7.5 1,664,602 7.1
30-34 years 194,267 7.9 156,152 7.0 1,703,847 7.3
35-39 years 173,041 7.0 161,526 7.2 1,561,679 6.7
40-44 years 171,996 7.0 166,730 7.4 1,583,257 6.8
45-49 years 172,520 7.0 159,860 7.1 1,581,455 6.8
50-54 years 162,438 6.6 150,369 6.7 1,523,551 6.5
55-59 years 149,899 6.1 133,893 6.0 1,454,332 6.2
60-64 years 132,145 5.3 120,530 5.4 1,299,397 5.6
65-69 years 116,755 4.7 86,322 3.9 1,188,999 5.1
70-74 years 82,911 3.4 66,218 3.0 887,716 3.8
75-79 years 61,509 2.5 49,833 2.2 652,657 2.8
80-84 years 42,590 1.7 38,286 1.7 460,549 2.0
85 years and over 42,420 1.7 34,217 1.5 486,842 2.1

The median age of people in Western Australia was 36 years. Children aged 0 - 14 years made up 19.3% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 14.0% of the population.

View the data quality statement for Age (AGEP)
Registered marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Married 975,062 48.8 876,747 48.7 9,148,218 48.1
Separated 63,205 3.2 53,816 3.0 608,059 3.2
Divorced 167,361 8.4 150,802 8.4 1,626,890 8.5
Widowed 88,619 4.4 83,175 4.6 985,204 5.2
Never married 703,482 35.2 634,567 35.3 6,668,910 35.0

Of people in Western Australia aged 15 years and over, 48.8% were married and 11.5% were either divorced or separated.

View the data quality statement for Registered marital status (MSTP)
Social marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Registered marriage 835,938 48.4 768,780 49.2 8,001,141 47.7
De facto marriage 201,709 11.7 171,275 11.0 1,751,731 10.4
Not married 688,868 39.9 623,367 39.9 7,024,973 41.9

In Western Australia, of people aged 15 years and over, 48.4% of people were in a registered marriage and 11.7% were in a de facto marriage.

View the data quality statement for Social marital status (MDCP)
Education Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Pre-school 30,247 3.9 32,430 4.8 347,621 4.8
Primary - Government 144,988 18.9 129,300 19.0 1,314,787 18.2
Primary - Catholic 36,865 4.8 33,578 4.9 380,604 5.3
Primary - other non Government 28,046 3.7 25,743 3.8 231,490 3.2
Secondary - Government 88,176 11.5 64,074 9.4 827,505 11.5
Secondary - Catholic 34,065 4.4 29,741 4.4 338,384 4.7
Secondary - other non Government 34,773 4.5 29,866 4.4 280,618 3.9
Technical or further education institution 46,835 6.1 48,761 7.2 424,869 5.9
University or tertiary institution 106,811 13.9 91,935 13.5 1,160,626 16.1
Other 18,547 2.4 13,527 2.0 198,383 2.8
Not stated 197,644 25.8 180,866 26.6 1,707,023 23.7

In Western Australia 31.0% of people were attending an educational institution. Of these, 27.4% were in primary school, 20.5% in secondary school and 20.0% in a tertiary or technical institution.

View the data quality statement for Educational Institution Attendee Status (TYSTAP)
Level of highest educational attainment
People aged 15 years and over
Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Bachelor Degree level and above 410,272 20.5 -- -- 4,181,406 22.0
Advanced Diploma and Diploma level 177,631 8.9 -- -- 1,687,893 8.9
Certificate level IV 62,656 3.1 -- -- 551,767 2.9
Certificate level III 279,448 14.0 -- -- 2,442,203 12.8
Year 12 318,674 16.0 -- -- 2,994,097 15.7
Year 11 107,858 5.4 -- -- 941,531 4.9
Year 10 235,001 11.8 -- -- 2,054,331 10.8
Certificate level II 940 0.0 -- -- 13,454 0.1
Certificate level I 209 0.0 -- -- 2,176 0.0
Year 9 or below 117,996 5.9 -- -- 1,529,897 8.0
No educational attainment 10,572 0.5 -- -- 145,844 0.8
Not stated 220,701 11.0 -- -- 1,974,794 10.4

Of people aged 15 and over in Western Australia, 16.0% reported having completed Year 12 as their highest level of educational attainment, 17.1% had completed a Certificate III or IV and 8.9% had completed an Advanced Diploma or Diploma.

2011 benchmarks are not available for this data item.

View the data quality statement for Level of highest educational attainment (HEAP)
People — cultural & language diversity
Ancestry, top responses Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %

Respondents had the option of reporting up to two ancestries on their Census form, and this is captured by the Ancestry Multi Response (ANCP) variable used in this table. Therefore, the total responses count will not equal the persons count for this area. Calculated percentages represent a proportion of all responses from people in Western Australia (including those who did not state an ancestry).

View the data quality statement for Ancestry (ANCP)
Country of birth Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Australia 1,492,842 60.3 1,407,808 62.9 15,614,835 66.7
Other top responses

View the data quality statement for Country of birth (BPLP)
Country of birth of father and/or mother, stated responses Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Both parents born overseas 1,001,150 40.5 854,107 38.1 8,051,196 34.4
Father only born overseas 184,890 7.5 175,317 7.8 1,488,092 6.4
Mother only born overseas 144,217 5.8 130,099 5.8 1,094,591 4.7
Both parents born in Australia 947,977 38.3 903,105 40.3 11,070,538 47.3

In Western Australia, 38.3% of people had both parents born in Australia and 40.5% of people had both parents born overseas.

View the data quality statement for Country of birth of father and/or mother (BPPP)
Country of birth of father, stated responses Western Australia % Australia %

2011 comparison data is not available for this table. For the 2001, 2006 and 2011 Censuses, only whether a person's father was born in Australia or overseas was collected. In 2016, this question expanded to collect the actual country of birth of a person's father.

View the data quality statement for Country of birth of father (BPMP)
Country of birth of mother, stated responses Western Australia % Australia %

2011 comparison data is not available for this table. For the 2001, 2006 and 2011 Censuses, only whether a person's mother was born in Australia or overseas was collected. In 2016, this question expanded to collect the actual country of birth of a person's mother.

View the data quality statement for Country of birth of mother (BPFP)
Religious affiliation, top responses Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Religious affiliation (RELP)
Language, top responses (other than English) Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Language spoken at home (LANP)
People — employment
Employment
People who reported being in the labour force, aged 15 years and over
Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Worked full-time 715,287 57.0 699,412 60.7 6,623,065 57.7
Worked part-time 376,590 30.0 324,256 28.1 3,491,503 30.4
Away from work 65,859 5.2 74,207 6.4 569,276 5.0
Unemployed 97,966 7.8 54,315 4.7 787,452 6.9

There were 1,255,702 people who reported being in the labour force in the week before Census night in Western Australia. Of these 57.0% were employed full time, 30.0% were employed part-time and 7.8% were unemployed.

The ABS Labour Force Survey provides the official estimates of Australia's unemployment rate. More information about Census and labour force status is provided in Understanding the Census and Census Data.

View the data quality statement for Labour force status (LFSP)
Employment - hours worked
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
1-15 hours per week 138,263 11.9 118,794 10.8 1,218,823 11.4
16-24 hours per week 114,814 9.9 100,864 9.2 1,079,236 10.1
25-34 hours per week 123,517 10.7 104,594 9.5 1,193,445 11.2
35-39 hours per week 198,785 17.2 173,233 15.8 2,031,263 19.0
40 hours or more per week 516,501 44.6 526,184 47.9 4,591,801 43.0

Of employed people in Western Australia, 11.9% worked 1 to 15 hours, 9.9% worked 16 to 24 hours and 44.6% worked 40 hours or more.

View the data quality statement for Hours worked (HRSP)
Occupation
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Occupation (OCCP)
Industry of employment, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Industry of employment (INDP)
Median weekly incomes
People aged 15 years and over
Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Personal 724 -- 662 -- 662 --
Family 1,910 -- 1,722 -- 1,734 --
Household 1,595 -- 1,415 -- 1,438 --

The median weekly personal income for people aged 15 years and over in Western Australia was $724.

View the data quality statements for: Total personal income (INCP) Total family income (FINF) Total household income (HIND)

Travel to work, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Method of travel to work (MTWP)
Unpaid work
People aged 15 years and over
Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Did unpaid domestic work (last week) 1,387,280 69.4 1,255,938 69.8 13,143,914 69.0
Cared for child/children (last two weeks) 568,406 28.5 507,968 28.2 5,259,400 27.6
Provided unpaid assistance to a person with a disability (last two weeks) 196,328 9.8 168,014 9.3 2,145,203 11.3
Did voluntary work through an organisation or group (last 12 months) 379,578 19.0 304,620 16.9 3,620,726 19.0

In Western Australia, of people aged 15 years and over, 69.4% did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census. During the two weeks before the Census, 28.5% provided care for children and 9.8% assisted family members or others due to a disability, long term illness or problems related to old age. In the year before the Census, 19.0% of people did voluntary work through an organisation or a group.

View the data quality statements for: Unpaid domestic work (DOMP) Unpaid child care (CHCAREP) Unpaid assistance (UNCAREP) Voluntary work (VOLWP)

Unpaid domestic work, number of hours
People aged 15 years and over
Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Less than 5 hours per week 447,726 22.4 399,954 22.2 4,298,593 22.6
5 to 14 hours per week 521,733 26.1 459,761 25.6 4,944,578 26.0
15 to 29 hours per week 228,248 11.4 209,910 11.7 2,189,776 11.5
30 hours or more per week 189,571 9.5 186,313 10.4 1,710,970 9.0

Of people who did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census in Western Australia, 26.1% worked 5 to 14 hours, 11.4% worked 15 to 29 hours and 9.5% worked 30 hours or more.

View the data quality statement for Unpaid domestic work, number of hours (DOMP)

Expand Families category,
includes family composition employment status of couple families

Families — family composition
Family composition Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Couple family without children 247,841 38.5 226,878 38.8 2,291,987 37.8
Couple family with children 292,133 45.3 262,886 44.9 2,716,224 44.7
One parent family 93,344 14.5 85,065 14.5 959,543 15.8
Other family 10,869 1.7 10,479 1.8 102,559 1.7

Of the families in Western Australia, 45.3% were couple families with children, 38.5% were couple families without children and 14.5% were one parent families.

View the data quality statement for Family composition (FMCF)
Single (or lone) parents
Proportion of the total single (or lone) parent population
Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Male -- 18.3 -- 18.0 -- 18.2
Female -- 81.7 -- 82.0 -- 81.8

In Western Australia, 18.3% of single parents were male and 81.7% were female.

View the data quality statement for Family composition (FMCF)
Families — employment status of couple families
Employment status of parents in couple families
Labour force, parents or partners aged 15 years and over
Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Both employed, worked full-time 106,951 19.8 102,047 20.8 1,084,006 21.6
Both employed, worked part-time 22,177 4.1 18,398 3.8 203,596 4.1
One employed full-time, one part-time 119,913 22.2 107,971 22.0 1,086,460 21.7
One employed full-time, other not working 88,558 16.4 81,900 16.7 749,886 15.0
One employed part-time, other not working 31,917 5.9 24,045 4.9 302,037 6.0
Both not working 93,686 17.4 76,910 15.7 1,006,697 20.1
Other (includes away from work) 29,973 5.6 32,709 6.7 264,145 5.3
Labour force status not stated (by one or both parents in a couple family) 46,793 8.7 45,777 9.3 311,381 6.2

In Western Australia, of couple families, 19.8% had both partners employed full-time, 4.1% had both employed part-time and 22.2% had one employed full-time and the other part-time.

The ABS Labour Force Survey provides the official estimates of Australia's unemployment rate. More information about Census and labour force status is provided in Understanding the Census and Census Data.

View the data quality statement for Labour force status of parents / partners in families (LFSF)

Expand Dwellings category,
includes dwelling structure household composition mortgage & rent number of motor vehicles

Dwellings — dwelling structure

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling count Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings 866,767 86.7 794,159 87.9 8,286,073 88.8
Unoccupied private dwellings 132,874 13.3 109,329 12.1 1,039,874 11.2

In Western Australia, 86.7% of private dwellings were occupied and 13.3% were unoccupied.

View the data quality statements for: Dwelling type (DWTD) Dwelling Structure (STRD)

Dwelling structure
Occupied private dwellings
Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Separate house 685,824 79.1 638,769 80.4 6,041,788 72.9
Semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc 122,562 14.1 84,332 10.6 1,055,016 12.7
Flat or apartment 49,086 5.7 62,988 7.9 1,087,434 13.1
Other dwelling 6,314 0.7 7,386 0.9 64,425 0.8

Of occupied private dwellings in Western Australia, 79.1% were separate houses, 14.1% were semi-detached, row or terrace houses, townhouses etc, 5.7% were flats or apartments and 0.7% were other dwellings.

View the data quality statement for Dwelling structure (STRD)
Number of bedrooms
Occupied private dwellings
Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
None (includes bedsitters) 2,452 0.3 2,869 0.4 39,769 0.5
1 bedroom 30,043 3.5 28,193 3.6 411,252 5.0
2 bedrooms 107,035 12.3 103,374 13.0 1,562,759 18.9
3 bedrooms 327,662 37.8 312,044 39.3 3,403,190 41.1
4 or more bedrooms 381,319 44.0 333,932 42.0 2,670,758 32.2
Number of bedrooms not stated 18,272 2.1 13,751 1.7 198,351 2.4
Average number of bedrooms per dwelling 3.3 -- 3.3 -- 3.1 --
Average number of people per household 2.6 -- 2.6 -- 2.6 --

In Western Australia, of occupied private dwellings 3.5% had 1 bedroom, 12.3% had 2 bedrooms and 37.8% had 3 bedrooms. The average number of bedrooms per occupied private dwelling was 3.3. The average household size was 2.6 people.

View the data quality statements for: Number of bedrooms in a private dwelling (BEDD) Number of persons usually resident in dwelling (NPRD)

Tenure
Occupied private dwellings
Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Owned outright 247,050 28.5 234,626 29.5 2,565,695 31.0
Owned with a mortgage 344,014 39.7 300,334 37.8 2,855,222 34.5
Rented 245,705 28.3 231,826 29.2 2,561,302 30.9
Other tenure type 9,181 1.1 8,879 1.1 78,994 1.0
Tenure type not stated 20,823 2.4 18,493 2.3 224,869 2.7

Of occupied private dwellings in Western Australia, 28.5% were owned outright, 39.7% were owned with a mortgage and 28.3% were rented.

View the data quality statement for Tenure type (TEND)
Dwellings — household composition
Household composition Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Family households 629,882 72.7 573,706 72.2 5,907,625 71.3
Single (or lone) person households 204,202 23.6 188,765 23.8 2,023,542 24.4
Group households 32,692 3.8 31,691 4.0 354,917 4.3

In Western Australia, of all households, 72.7% were family households, 23.6% were single person households and 3.8% were group households.

View the data quality statement for Household composition (HHCD)
Household income Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Less than $650 gross weekly income -- 18.3 -- 21.1 -- 20.0
More than $3000 gross weekly income -- 19.2 -- 14.1 -- 16.4

In Western Australia, 18.3% of households had a weekly household income of less than $650 and 19.2% of households had a weekly income of more than $3000.

View the data quality statement for Household income, total weekly (HIND)
Dwellings — mortgage & rent

Proportions are calculated using all tenure types for occupied private dwellings. This excludes visitor only and other non-classifiable households.

Rent weekly payments Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Median rent 347 -- 300 -- 335 --
Households where rent payments are less than 30% of household income -- 90.3 -- 91.1 -- 88.5
Households with rent payments greater than or equal to 30% of household income -- 9.7 -- 8.9 -- 11.5

The number of households where rent payments were 30% or more of an imputed income measure are expressed in this table as a proportion of the total number of households in an area (including those households which were not renting, and excluding the small proportion of visitor-only and other non-classifiable households). The nature of the income imputation means that the reported proportion may significantly overstate the true proportion.

View the data quality statement for Rent weekly payments (RNTD)
Mortgage monthly repayments Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Median mortgage repayments 1,993 -- 1,950 -- 1,755 --
Households where mortgage repayments are less than 30% of household income -- 91.4 -- 89.8 -- 92.8
Households with mortgage repayments greater than or equal to 30% of household income -- 8.6 -- 10.2 -- 7.2

The number of households where mortgage repayments were 30% or more of an imputed income measure are expressed in this table as a proportion of the total number of households in an area (including those households which were renting, and excluding the small proportion of visitor only and other non-classifiable households). The nature of the income imputation means that the reported proportion may significantly overstate the true proportion.

View the data quality statement for Mortgage monthly repayments (MRED)
Dwellings — number of motor vehicles
Number of registered motor vehicles Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
None 42,620 4.9 48,447 6.1 623,829 7.5
1 motor vehicle 274,198 31.6 258,943 32.6 2,881,485 34.8
2 motor vehicles 337,355 38.9 305,677 38.5 2,999,184 36.2
3 or more vehicles 186,678 21.5 158,860 20.0 1,496,382 18.1
Number of motor vehicles not stated 25,934 3.0 22,234 2.8 285,197 3.4

In Western Australia, 31.6% of occupied private dwellings had one registered motor vehicle garaged or parked at their address, 38.9% had two registered motor vehicles and 21.5% had three or more registered motor vehicles.

View the data quality statement for Number of registered motor vehicles (VEHD)
Dwelling internet connection Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Internet not accessed from dwelling 108,489 12.5 140,828 17.7 1,172,415 14.1
Internet accessed from dwelling 737,659 85.1 626,102 78.8 6,892,165 83.2
Not stated 20,625 2.4 27,229 3.4 221,494 2.7

In Western Australia, 85.1% of households had at least one person access the internet from the dwelling. This could have been through a desktop/laptop computer, mobile or smart phone, tablet, music or video player, gaming console, smart TV or any other device.

View the data quality statement for Dwelling internet connection (NEDD)

Expand Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people category,
includes selected people & dwelling characteristics

People characteristics - Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples
People characteristics
Count based on place of usual residence on Census night.
Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Male 38,027 50.0 34,418 49.4 322,171 49.6
Female 37,959 50.0 35,248 50.6 326,996 50.4
Median age 23 -- 22 -- 23 --

In Western Australia, 50.0% of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people were male and 50.0% were female. The median age was 23 years.

View the data quality statements for: Place of Usual Residence (PURP) Indigenous status (INGP)

Dwelling characteristics - Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander households

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households. These tables represent occupied private dwellings where at least one Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait islander person was present

Dwelling characteristics
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Average number of people per household 3.3 -- 3.5 -- 3.2 --
Average number of persons per bedroom 1 -- (a) -- 1 --
Median weekly household income 1,210 -- 1,044 -- 1,203 --

a) There has been change in methodology used to calculate the average number of persons per bedroom. To compare the time series for average number of persons per bedroom please refer to Understanding the Census and Census Data

In Western Australia, for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, the average household size was 3.3 persons, with 1 persons per bedroom. The median household income was $1,210.

View the data quality statements for: Number of Bedrooms in Private Dwelling (BEDD) Household composition (HHCD) Indigenous household Indicator (INGDWTD)

Mortgage and rent
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Western Australia % 2011 % Australia %
Median weekly rent 216 -- 158 -- 250 --
Median monthly mortgage repayments 1,830 -- 1,733 -- 1,660 --

In Western Australia, for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, the median weekly rent was $216 and the median monthly mortgage repayment was $1,830.

View the data quality statements for: Rent weekly payments (RNTD) Mortgage monthly repayments (MRED) Indigenous household Indicator (INGDWTD)

LATEST ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (AEST) 23/10/2017

Small random adjustments have been made to all cell values to protect the confidentiality of data. These adjustments may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from the table totals. For further information, go to the User Guide for QuickStats.

Data reported for Australia and Other Territories now includes Norfolk Island, following an amendment to the Acts Interpretation Act, 1901. Because Norfolk Island has not previously been included in the Census, any 2011 benchmarks will not include Norfolk Island.

The information contained in this QuickStat has been produced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics It contains data from the 2016 Census of Population & Housing held on 9 August 2016 Release date of this QuickStat was 23 October 2017 Some values may have been adjusted to avoid release of confidential data These adjustments may have a significant impact on the calculated percentages in QuickStats For more information refer to Introduced Random Error in the 2016 Census Dictionary. For further enquiries contact the ABS National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 www.abs.gov.au/census