2016 Census QuickStats

Australia Queensland Statistical Area Level 4

Toowoomba

Code 317 (SA4) Search for a Community Profile
People 149,512
Male 48.3%
Female 51.7%
Median age 37
Families 38,495
Average children per family
for families with children 1.9
for all families 0.7
All private dwellings 62,689
Average people per household 2.5
Median weekly household income $1,298
Median monthly mortgage repayments $1,560
Median weekly rent $285
Average motor vehicles per dwelling 1.9

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Expand People category,
includes demographics & education cultural & language diversity employment

People — demographics & education

People tables are based on a person's place of usual residence on Census night

People
Persons count based on place of usual residence on Census night
Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Male 72,238 48.3 2,321,889 49.4 11,546,638 49.3
Female 77,279 51.7 2,381,308 50.6 11,855,248 50.7
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people 5,779 3.9 186,482 4.0 649,171 2.8

In the 2016 Census, there were 149,512 people in Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4). Of these 48.3% were male and 51.7% were female. Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people made up 3.9% of the population.

View the data quality statement for Place of Usual Residence (PURP)
Age Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Median age 37 -- 37 -- 38 --
0-4 years 9,596 6.4 296,466 6.3 1,464,779 6.3
5-9 years 10,483 7.0 317,138 6.7 1,502,646 6.4
10-14 years 10,196 6.8 299,097 6.4 1,397,183 6.0
15-19 years 10,243 6.9 296,287 6.3 1,421,595 6.1
20-24 years 10,112 6.8 316,860 6.7 1,566,793 6.7
25-29 years 9,939 6.6 320,753 6.8 1,664,602 7.1
30-34 years 9,499 6.4 325,943 6.9 1,703,847 7.3
35-39 years 8,656 5.8 305,218 6.5 1,561,679 6.7
40-44 years 9,257 6.2 322,901 6.9 1,583,257 6.8
45-49 years 9,664 6.5 322,982 6.9 1,581,455 6.8
50-54 years 9,227 6.2 308,727 6.6 1,523,551 6.5
55-59 years 9,299 6.2 292,198 6.2 1,454,332 6.2
60-64 years 8,161 5.5 260,685 5.5 1,299,397 5.6
65-69 years 7,753 5.2 242,192 5.1 1,188,999 5.1
70-74 years 6,122 4.1 180,406 3.8 887,716 3.8
75-79 years 4,535 3.0 126,084 2.7 652,657 2.8
80-84 years 3,339 2.2 83,731 1.8 460,549 2.0
85 years and over 3,431 2.3 85,528 1.8 486,842 2.1

The median age of people in Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4) was 37 years. Children aged 0 - 14 years made up 20.2% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 16.8% of the population.

View the data quality statement for Age (AGEP)
Registered marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Married 58,694 49.2 1,775,920 46.9 9,148,218 48.1
Separated 3,958 3.3 134,953 3.6 608,059 3.2
Divorced 10,364 8.7 354,382 9.3 1,626,890 8.5
Widowed 6,979 5.9 184,671 4.9 985,204 5.2
Never married 39,232 32.9 1,340,580 35.4 6,668,910 35.0

Of people in Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4) aged 15 years and over, 49.2% were married and 12.0% were either divorced or separated.

View the data quality statement for Registered marital status (MSTP)
Social marital status
People aged 15 years and over
Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Registered marriage 51,413 49.6 1,546,502 46.7 8,001,141 47.7
De facto marriage 10,142 9.8 394,739 11.9 1,751,731 10.4
Not married 42,170 40.7 1,367,026 41.3 7,024,973 41.9

In Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4), of people aged 15 years and over, 49.6% of people were in a registered marriage and 9.8% were in a de facto marriage.

View the data quality statement for Social marital status (MDCP)
Education Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Preschool 1,745 3.7 56,639 3.9 347,621 4.8
Primary - Government 8,390 17.7 276,468 19.1 1,314,787 18.2
Primary - Catholic 2,778 5.9 73,844 5.1 380,604 5.3
Primary - other non Government 2,246 4.7 50,202 3.5 231,490 3.2
Secondary - Government 5,303 11.2 176,138 12.2 827,505 11.5
Secondary - Catholic 2,644 5.6 63,080 4.4 338,384 4.7
Secondary - other non Government 2,691 5.7 58,927 4.1 280,618 3.9
Technical or further education institution 2,554 5.4 76,992 5.3 424,869 5.9
University or tertiary institution 6,711 14.2 213,221 14.8 1,160,626 16.1
Other 1,206 2.5 37,517 2.6 198,383 2.8
Not stated 11,123 23.5 360,888 25.0 1,707,023 23.7

In Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4), 31.7% of people were attending an educational institution. Of these, 28.3% were in primary school, 22.4% in secondary school and 19.6% in a tertiary or technical institution.

View the data quality statement for Educational Institution Attendee Status (TYSTAP)
Level of highest educational attainment
People aged 15 years and over
Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Bachelor Degree level and above 20,342 17.1 693,412 18.3 4,181,406 22.0
Advanced Diploma and Diploma level 9,591 8.0 330,619 8.7 1,687,893 8.9
Certificate level IV 3,842 3.2 111,975 3.0 551,767 2.9
Certificate level III 18,364 15.4 576,295 15.2 2,442,203 12.8
Year 12 17,513 14.7 625,959 16.5 2,994,097 15.7
Year 11 4,958 4.2 163,394 4.3 941,531 4.9
Year 10 17,709 14.8 488,554 12.9 2,054,331 10.8
Certificate level II 101 0.1 2,602 0.1 13,454 0.1
Certificate level I 21 0.0 418 0.0 2,176 0.0
Year 9 or below 10,807 9.1 275,376 7.3 1,529,897 8.0
No educational attainment 540 0.5 15,700 0.4 145,844 0.8
Not stated 12,660 10.6 409,227 10.8 1,974,794 10.4

Of people aged 15 and over in Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4), 14.7% reported having completed Year 12 as their highest level of educational attainment, 18.6% had completed a Certificate III or IV and 8.0% had completed an Advanced Diploma or Diploma.

2011 benchmarks are not available for this data item.

View the data quality statement for Level of highest educational attainment (HEAP)
People — cultural & language diversity
Ancestry, top responses Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %

Respondents had the option of reporting up to two ancestries on their Census form, and this is captured by the Ancestry Multi Response (ANCP) variable used in this table. Therefore, the total responses count will not equal the persons count for this area. Calculated percentages represent a proportion of all responses from people in Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4) (including those who did not state an ancestry).

View the data quality statement for Ancestry (ANCP)
Country of birth Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Australia 119,781 80.1 3,343,657 71.1 15,614,835 66.7
Other top responses

View the data quality statement for Country of birth (BPLP)
Country of birth of father and/or mother, stated responses Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Both parents born overseas 22,316 14.9 1,225,441 26.1 8,051,196 34.4
Father only born overseas 7,452 5.0 302,904 6.4 1,488,092 6.4
Mother only born overseas 5,572 3.7 234,425 5.0 1,094,591 4.7
Both parents born in Australia 103,012 68.9 2,575,201 54.8 11,070,538 47.3

In Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4), 68.9% of people had both parents born in Australia and 14.9% of people had both parents born overseas.

View the data quality statement for Country of birth of father and/or mother (BPPP)
Country of birth of father, stated responses Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Country of birth of father (BPMP)
Country of birth of mother, stated responses Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Country of birth of mother (BPFP)
Religious affiliation, top responses Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Religious affiliation (RELP)
Language, top responses (other than English) Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Language spoken at home (LANP)
People — employment
Employment
People who reported being in the labour force, aged 15 years and over
Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Worked full-time 41,293 57.8 1,333,193 57.7 6,623,065 57.7
Worked part-time 21,705 30.4 691,751 29.9 3,491,503 30.4
Away from work 3,384 4.7 111,509 4.8 569,276 5.0
Unemployed 5,028 7.0 175,665 7.6 787,452 6.9

There were 71,410 people who reported being in the labour force in the week before Census night in Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4). Of these 57.8% were employed full time, 30.4% were employed part-time and 7.0% were unemployed.

The ABS Labour Force Survey provides the official estimates of Australia's unemployment rate. More information about Census and labour force status is provided in Understanding the Census and Census Data.

View the data quality statement for Labour force status (LFSP)
Employment - hours worked
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
1-15 hours per week 7,456 11.2 235,001 11.0 1,218,823 11.4
16-24 hours per week 6,091 9.2 201,035 9.4 1,079,236 10.1
25-34 hours per week 8,153 12.3 255,714 12.0 1,193,445 11.2
35-39 hours per week 13,152 19.8 410,236 19.2 2,031,263 19.0
40 hours or more per week 28,141 42.4 922,958 43.2 4,591,801 43.0

Of employed people in Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4), 11.2% worked 1 to 15 hours, 9.2% worked 16 to 24 hours and 42.4% worked 40 hours or more.

View the data quality statement for Hours worked (HRSP)
Occupation
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Occupation (OCCP)
Industry of employment, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Industry of employment (INDP)
Median weekly incomes
People aged 15 years and over
Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Personal 649 -- 660 -- 662 --
Family 1,583 -- 1,661 -- 1,734 --
Household 1,298 -- 1,402 -- 1,438 --

The median weekly personal income for people aged 15 years and over in Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4) was $649.

View the data quality statements for: Total personal income (INCP) Total family income (FINF) Total household income (HIND)

Travel to work, top responses
Employed people aged 15 years and over
Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %

View the data quality statement for Method of travel to work (MTWP)
Unpaid work
People aged 15 years and over
Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Did unpaid domestic work (last week) 85,493 71.7 2,671,858 70.5 13,143,914 69.0
Cared for child/children (last two weeks) 33,805 28.4 1,063,450 28.1 5,259,400 27.6
Provided unpaid assistance to a person with a disability (last two weeks) 14,018 11.8 407,168 10.7 2,145,203 11.3
Did voluntary work through an organisation or group (last 12 months) 25,236 21.2 714,138 18.8 3,620,726 19.0

In Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4), of people aged 15 years and over, 71.7% did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census. During the two weeks before the Census, 28.4% provided care for children and 11.8% assisted family members or others due to a disability, long term illness or problems related to old age. In the year before the Census, 21.2% of people did voluntary work through an organisation or a group.

View the data quality statements for: Unpaid domestic work (DOMP) Unpaid child care (CHCAREP) Unpaid assistance (UNCAREP) Voluntary work (VOLWP)

Unpaid domestic work, number of hours
People aged 15 years and over
Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Less than 5 hours per week 25,462 21.4 853,120 22.5 4,298,593 22.6
5 to 14 hours per week 32,567 27.3 1,017,232 26.8 4,944,578 26.0
15 to 29 hours per week 15,197 12.7 448,338 11.8 2,189,776 11.5
30 hours or more per week 12,268 10.3 353,168 9.3 1,710,970 9.0

Of people who did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census in Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4), 27.3% worked 5 to 14 hours, 12.7% worked 15 to 29 hours and 10.3% worked 30 hours or more.

View the data quality statement for Unpaid domestic work, number of hours (DOMP)

Expand Families category,
includes family composition employment status of couple families

Families — family composition
Family composition Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Couple family without children 15,810 41.1 481,451 39.4 2,291,987 37.8
Couple family with children 15,821 41.1 518,494 42.5 2,716,224 44.7
One parent family 6,284 16.3 201,308 16.5 959,543 15.8
Other family 580 1.5 19,898 1.6 102,559 1.7

Of the families in Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4), 41.1% were couple families with children, 41.1% were couple families without children and 16.3% were one parent families.

View the data quality statement for Family composition (FMCF)
Single (or lone) parents
Proportion of the total single (or lone) parent population
Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Male -- 16.4 -- 18.5 -- 18.2
Female -- 83.6 -- 81.5 -- 81.8

In Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4), 16.4% of single parents were male and 83.6% were female.

View the data quality statement for Family composition (FMCF)
Families — employment status of couple families
Employment status of parents in couple families
Labour force, parents or partners aged 15 years and over
Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Both employed, worked full-time 6,911 21.8 225,032 22.5 1,084,006 21.6
Both employed, worked part-time 1,155 3.7 39,193 3.9 203,596 4.1
One employed full-time, one part-time 7,094 22.4 212,524 21.3 1,086,460 21.7
One employed full-time, other not working 4,471 14.1 144,839 14.5 749,886 15.0
One employed part-time, other not working 1,802 5.7 57,595 5.8 302,037 6.0
Both not working 6,543 20.7 200,661 20.1 1,006,697 20.1
Other (includes away from work) 1,679 5.3 52,525 5.3 264,145 5.3
Labour force status not stated (by one or both parents in a couple family) 1,980 6.3 67,574 6.8 311,381 6.2

In Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4), of couple families with children, 21.8% had both partners employed full-time, 3.7% had both employed part-time and 22.4% had one employed full-time and the other part-time.

The ABS Labour Force Survey provides the official estimates of Australia's unemployment rate. More information about Census and labour force status is provided in Understanding the Census and Census Data.

View the data quality statement for Labour force status of parents / partners in families (LFSF)

Expand Dwellings category,
includes dwelling structure household composition mortgage & rent number of motor vehicles internet connection

Dwellings — dwelling structure

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling count Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings 53,823 90.7 1,656,828 89.4 8,286,073 88.8
Unoccupied private dwellings 5,511 9.3 195,570 10.6 1,039,874 11.2

In Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4), 90.7% of private dwellings were occupied and 9.3% were unoccupied.

View the data quality statements for: Dwelling type (DWTD) Dwelling Structure (STRD)

Dwelling structure
Occupied private dwellings
Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Separate house 43,804 81.4 1,269,653 76.6 6,041,788 72.9
Semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc 6,590 12.2 174,984 10.6 1,055,016 12.7
Flat or apartment 2,630 4.9 186,780 11.3 1,087,434 13.1
Other dwelling 440 0.8 16,809 1.0 64,425 0.8

Of occupied private dwellings in Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4), 81.4% were separate houses, 12.2% were semi-detached, row or terrace houses, townhouses etc, 4.9% were flat or apartments and 0.8% were other dwellings.

View the data quality statement for Dwelling structure (STRD)
Number of bedrooms
Occupied private dwellings
Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
None (includes bedsitters) 107 0.2 8,306 0.5 39,769 0.5
1 bedroom 1,383 2.6 70,628 4.3 411,252 5.0
2 bedrooms 7,993 14.8 275,203 16.6 1,562,759 18.9
3 bedrooms 22,341 41.5 657,978 39.7 3,403,190 41.1
4 or more bedrooms 20,728 38.5 604,269 36.5 2,670,758 32.2
Number of bedrooms not stated 1,279 2.4 40,448 2.4 198,351 2.4
Average number of bedrooms per dwelling 3.3 -- 3.2 -- 3.1 --
Average number of people per household 2.5 -- 2.6 -- 2.6 --

In Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4), of occupied private dwellings 2.6% had 1 bedroom, 14.8% had 2 bedrooms and 41.5% had 3 bedrooms. The average number of bedrooms per occupied private dwelling was 3.3. The average household size was 2.5 people.

View the data quality statements for: Number of bedrooms in a private dwelling (BEDD) Number of persons usually resident in dwelling (NPRD)

Tenure
Occupied private dwellings
Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Owned outright 16,649 30.9 471,407 28.5 2,565,695 31.0
Owned with a mortgage 17,825 33.1 558,439 33.7 2,855,222 34.5
Rented 17,347 32.2 566,478 34.2 2,561,302 30.9
Other tenure type 572 1.1 15,566 0.9 78,994 1.0
Tenure type not stated 1,438 2.7 44,944 2.7 224,869 2.7

Of occupied private dwellings in Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4), 30.9% were owned outright, 33.1% were owned with a mortgage and 32.2% were rented.

View the data quality statement for Tenure type (TEND)
Dwellings — household composition
Household composition Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Family households 37,818 70.3 1,189,859 71.8 5,907,625 71.3
Single (or lone) person households 13,969 26.0 389,076 23.5 2,023,542 24.4
Group households 2,039 3.8 77,898 4.7 354,917 4.3

In Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4), of all households, 70.3% were family households, 26.0% were single person households and 3.8% were group households.

View the data quality statement for Household composition (HHCD)
Household income Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Less than $650 gross weekly income -- 20.5 -- 19.5 -- 20.0
More than $3000 gross weekly income -- 11.1 -- 14.4 -- 16.4

In Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4), 20.5% of households had a weekly household income of less than $650 and 11.1% of households had a weekly income of more than $3000.

View the data quality statement for Household income, total weekly (HIND)
Dwellings — mortgage & rent

Proportions are calculated using all tenure types for occupied private dwellings. This excludes visitor only and other non-classifiable households.

Rent weekly payments Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Median rent 285 -- 330 -- 335 --
Households where rent payments are less than 30% of household income -- 88.2 -- 87.2 -- 88.5
Households with rent payments greater than or equal to 30% of household income -- 11.8 -- 12.8 -- 11.5

The number of households where rent payments were 30% or more of an imputed income measure are expressed in this table as a proportion of the total number of households in an area (including those households which were not renting, and excluding the small proportion of visitor-only and other non-classifiable households). The nature of the income imputation means that the reported proportion may significantly overstate the true proportion.

View the data quality statement for Rent weekly payments (RNTD)
Mortgage monthly repayments Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Median mortgage repayments 1,560 -- 1,733 -- 1,755 --
Households where mortgage repayments are less than 30% of household income -- 94.9 -- 93.6 -- 92.8
Households with mortgage repayments greater than or equal to 30% of household income -- 5.1 -- 6.4 -- 7.2

The number of households where mortgage repayments were 30% or more of an imputed income measure are expressed in this table as a proportion of the total number of households in an area (including those households which were renting, and excluding the small proportion of visitor only and other non-classifiable households). The nature of the income imputation means that the reported proportion may significantly overstate the true proportion.

View the data quality statement for Mortgage monthly repayments (MRED)
Dwellings — number of motor vehicles
Number of registered motor vehicles Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
None 3,244 6.0 99,133 6.0 623,829 7.5
1 motor vehicle 18,264 33.9 566,233 34.2 2,881,485 34.8
2 motor vehicles 19,990 37.1 620,096 37.4 2,999,184 36.2
3 or more vehicles 10,547 19.6 315,106 19.0 1,496,382 18.1
Number of motor vehicles not stated 1,792 3.3 56,263 3.4 285,197 3.4

In Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4), 33.9% of occupied private dwellings had one registered motor vehicle garaged or parked at their address, 37.1% had two registered motor vehicles and 19.6% had three or more registered motor vehicles.

View the data quality statement for Number of registered motor vehicles (VEHD)
Dwellings — internet connection
Dwelling internet connection Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Internet not accessed from dwelling 8,693 16.2 224,855 13.6 1,172,415 14.1
Internet accessed from dwelling 43,756 81.3 1,387,499 83.7 6,892,165 83.2
Not stated 1,377 2.6 44,482 2.7 221,494 2.7

In Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4), 81.3% of households had at least one person access the internet from the dwelling. This could have been through a desktop/laptop computer, mobile or smart phone, tablet, music or video player, gaming console, smart TV or any other device.

View the data quality statement for Dwelling internet connection (NEDD)

Expand Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people category,
includes selected people & dwelling characteristics

People characteristics - Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples
People characteristics
Count based on place of usual residence on Census night.
Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Male 2,808 48.5 92,176 49.4 322,171 49.6
Female 2,976 51.5 94,311 50.6 326,996 50.4
Median age 19 -- 22 -- 23 --

In Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4), 48.5% of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people were male and 51.5% were female. The median age was 19 years.

View the data quality statements for: Place of Usual Residence (PURP) Indigenous status (INGP)

Dwelling characteristics - Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander households

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling characteristics
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Average number of people per household 3.3 -- 3.3 -- 3.2 --
Average number of persons per bedroom 1 -- 1 -- 1 --
Median weekly household income 1,210 -- 1,222 -- 1,203 --

There has been change in methodology used to calculate the average number of persons per bedroom. To compare the time series for average number of persons per bedroom please refer to Understanding the Census and Census Data

In Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4), for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, the average household size was 3.3 persons, with 1 persons per bedroom. The median household income was $1,210.

View the data quality statements for: Number of Bedrooms in Private Dwelling (BEDD) Household composition (HHCD) Indigenous household Indicator (INGDWTD)

Mortgage and rent
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Toowoomba % Queensland % Australia %
Median weekly rent 290 -- 270 -- 250 --
Median monthly mortgage repayments 1,540 -- 1,733 -- 1,660 --

In Toowoomba (Statistical Area Level 4), for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, the median weekly rent was $290 and the median monthly mortgage repayment was $1,540.

View the data quality statements for: Rent weekly payments (RNTD) Mortgage monthly repayments (MRED) Indigenous household Indicator (INGDWTD)

LATEST ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (AEST) 23/10/2017

Small random adjustments have been made to all cell values to protect the confidentiality of data. These adjustments may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from the table totals. For further information, go to the User Guide for QuickStats.

Data reported for Australia and Other Territories now includes Norfolk Island, following an amendment to the Acts Interpretation Act, 1901. Because Norfolk Island has not previously been included in the Census, any 2011 benchmarks will not include Norfolk Island.

The information contained in this QuickStat has been produced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics It contains data from the 2016 Census of Population & Housing held on 9 August 2016 Release date of this QuickStat was 23 October 2017 Some values may have been adjusted to avoid release of confidential data These adjustments may have a significant impact on the calculated percentages in QuickStats For more information refer to Introduced Random Error in the 2016 Census Dictionary. For further enquiries contact the ABS National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 www.abs.gov.au/census