2011 Census QuickStats

All people - usual residents

Australia | Victoria | Significant Urban Areas

Melbourne

Code 2011 (SUA)
People 3,847,570
Male 1,890,871
Female 1,956,699
Median age 36
Families 1,014,018
Average children per family 1.8
All private dwellings 1,575,425
Average people per household 2.6
Median weekly household income $1,337
Median monthly mortgage repayments $1,842
Median weekly rent $301
Average motor vehicles per dwelling 1.7
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Expand People category,
includes demographics & education | cultural & language diversity | employment

People — demographics & education
People Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Total 3,847,570 -- 5,354,042 -- 21,507,717 --
Male 1,890,871 49.1 2,632,619 49.2 10,634,013 49.4
Female 1,956,699 50.9 2,721,423 50.8 10,873,704 50.6
 
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 16,608 0.4 37,990 0.7 548,369 2.5

In the 2011 Census, there were 3,847,570 people in Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas) of these 49.1% were male and 50.9% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 0.4% of the population.

Age Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People
0-4 years 248,691 6.5 344,733 6.4 1,421,050 6.6
5-9 years 230,927 6.0 326,121 6.1 1,351,921 6.3
10-14 years 226,242 5.9 327,939 6.1 1,371,054 6.4
15-19 years 242,045 6.3 345,339 6.5 1,405,798 6.5
20-24 years 290,586 7.6 375,108 7.0 1,460,673 6.8
25-29 years 308,661 8.0 388,669 7.3 1,513,236 7.0
30-34 years 291,768 7.6 372,214 7.0 1,453,775 6.8
35-39 years 289,991 7.5 383,415 7.2 1,520,138 7.1
40-44 years 288,922 7.5 391,197 7.3 1,542,879 7.2
45-49 years 266,557 6.9 372,367 7.0 1,504,142 7.0
50-54 years 246,596 6.4 354,110 6.6 1,447,404 6.7
55-59 years 214,673 5.6 317,438 5.9 1,297,244 6.0
60-64 years 194,721 5.1 293,812 5.5 1,206,116 5.6
65-69 years 147,659 3.8 224,911 4.2 919,319 4.3
70-74 years 117,312 3.0 177,316 3.3 708,090 3.3
75-79 years 94,003 2.4 140,338 2.6 545,263 2.5
80-84 years 76,749 2.0 114,020 2.1 436,936 2.0
85 years and over 71,464 1.9 104,995 2.0 402,681 1.9
 
Median age 36 -- 37 -- 37 --

The median age of people in Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas) was 36 years. Children aged 0 - 14 years made up 18.3% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 13.2% of the population.

Registered marital status Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Married 1,531,692 48.8 2,136,928 49.1 8,461,114 48.7
Separated 84,836 2.7 125,441 2.9 529,280 3.0
Divorced 232,610 7.4 339,497 7.8 1,460,899 8.4
Widowed 162,474 5.2 242,620 5.6 949,634 5.5
Never married 1,130,097 36.0 1,510,759 34.7 5,962,769 34.3

Of people in Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas) aged 15 years and over, 48.8% were married and 10.1% were either divorced or separated.

Marital Status Charts
Median age by registered marital status Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Married 49 -- 50 -- 50 --
Separated 49 -- 49 -- 49 --
Divorced 53 -- 54 -- 54 --
Widowed 78 -- 78 -- 78 --
Never married 26 -- 25 -- 25 --

The median age of married people in Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas) was 49 years and the median age of people never married was 26 years.

Social marital status Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Registered marriage 1,405,461 49.0 1,948,522 49.4 7,647,042 49.2
De facto marriage 237,281 8.3 341,315 8.7 1,476,369 9.5
Not married 1,227,206 42.8 1,653,820 41.9 6,413,399 41.3

In Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas), of people aged 15 years and over, 49.0% of people were in a registered marriage and 8.3% were in a de facto marriage.

Median age by social marital status Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Registered marriage 48 -- 50 -- 50 --
De facto marriage 35 -- 35 -- 35 --
Not married 30 -- 32 -- 33 --

The median age of people in a registered marriage in Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas) was 48 years and the median age of people in a de facto marriage was 35 years.

Education Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Pre-school 65,127 5.5 89,819 5.6 332,844 5.1
Primary - Government 187,462 15.8 271,996 16.8 1,181,787 18.2
Primary - Catholic 65,109 5.5 93,173 5.8 359,062 5.5
Primary - Other Non Government 35,571 3.0 45,848 2.8 214,359 3.3
Secondary - Government 130,675 11.0 193,776 12.0 774,074 11.9
Secondary - Catholic 56,270 4.7 82,226 5.1 307,142 4.7
Secondary - Other Non Government 53,936 4.6 69,464 4.3 254,828 3.9
Technical or further education institution 85,731 7.2 117,953 7.3 473,606 7.3
University or tertiary institution 209,868 17.7 246,550 15.2 932,524 14.3
Other 39,233 3.3 50,269 3.1 161,660 2.5
Not Stated 255,768 21.6 356,483 22.0 1,511,694 23.2
Total 1,184,750 -- 1,617,557 -- 6,503,580 --

In Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas) 30.8% of people were attending an educational institution. Of these, 24.3% were in primary school, 20.3% in secondary school and 25.0% in a tertiary or technical institution.

Education Charts
People — cultural & language diversity
Ancestry, top responses Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

Ancestry Charts
Country of birth Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Australia 2,409,050 62.6 3,670,933 68.6 15,017,847 69.8
 
Other top responses

Birthplace of parents, stated responses Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Both parents born overseas 1,686,172 46.8 1,911,658 38.1 6,876,586 34.3
Father only born overseas 257,187 7.1 343,515 6.9 1,407,270 7.0
Mother only born overseas 172,297 4.8 230,297 4.6 989,220 4.9
Both parents born in Australia 1,487,115 41.3 2,528,189 50.4 10,757,087 53.7

In Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas), 41.3% of people had both parents born in Australia and 46.8% of people had both parents born overseas.

Religious affiliation, top responses Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

Religious Affiliation Charts
Language, top responses (other than English) Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %

People — employment
Employment Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People who reported being in the labour force, aged 15 years and over
Worked full-time 1,180,923 60.2 1,583,266 59.2 6,367,554 59.7
Worked part-time 564,870 28.8 791,836 29.6 3,062,976 28.7
Away from work 109,508 5.6 155,530 5.8 627,797 5.9
Unemployed 107,758 5.5 144,844 5.4 600,133 5.6
Total in labour force 1,963,059 -- 2,675,476 -- 10,658,460 --
 
View the labour force fact sheet

There were 1,963,059 people who reported being in the labour force in the week before Census night in Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas). Of these 60.2% were employed full time, 28.8% were employed part-time and 5.5% were unemployed.

Employment - hours worked Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
1-15 hours per week 205,337 11.1 289,746 11.4 1,087,799 10.8
16-24 hours per week 178,002 9.6 245,456 9.7 947,792 9.4
25-34 hours per week 181,526 9.8 256,634 10.1 1,027,380 10.2
35-39 hours per week 337,682 18.2 445,919 17.6 1,808,879 18.0
40 hours or more per week 843,246 45.5 1,137,351 44.9 4,558,678 45.3

Of employed people in Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas), 11.1% worked 1 to 15 hours, 9.6% worked 16 to 24 hours and 45.5% worked 40 hours or more.

Median age by employment status Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Labour force, people aged 15 years and over
Employed full-time 39 -- 40 -- 40 --
Employed part-time 39 -- 40 -- 40 --

The median age of people employed full-time in Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas) was 39 years and for people who were employed part-time was 39 years.

Occupation Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Employed people aged 15 years and over

Occupation Chart
Industry of employment, top responses Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Employed people aged 15 years and over

Median weekly incomes Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Personal 592 -- 561 -- 577 --
Family 1,582 -- 1,460 -- 1,481 --
Household 1,337 -- 1,216 -- 1,234 --
 
View the income fact sheet

The median weekly personal income for people aged 15 years and over in Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas) was $592.

Travel to work, top responses Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Employed people aged 15 years and over

Unpaid work Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Did unpaid domestic work (last week) 2,158,156 68.7 3,017,919 69.3 12,149,347 70.0
Cared for child/children (last two weeks) 843,470 26.8 1,187,433 27.3 4,827,808 27.8
Provided unpaid assistance to a person with a disability (last two weeks) 340,961 10.9 490,097 11.3 1,896,957 10.9
Did voluntary work through an organisation or group (last 12 months) 494,857 15.8 772,444 17.7 3,090,874 17.8

In Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas), of people aged 15 years and over, 68.7% did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census. During the two weeks before the Census, 26.8% provided care for children and 10.9% assisted family members or others due to a disability, long term illness or problems related to old age. In the year before the Census, 15.8% of people did voluntary work through an organisation or a group.

Unpaid domestic work, number of hours Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
People aged 15 years and over
Less than 5 hours per week 762,677 24.3 1,007,118 23.1 3,883,357 22.4
5 to 14 hours per week 779,996 24.8 1,085,136 24.9 4,444,640 25.6
15 to 29 hours per week 340,209 10.8 501,575 11.5 2,075,154 12.0
30 hours or more per week 275,274 8.8 424,094 9.7 1,746,196 10.1

Of people who did unpaid domestic work in the week before the Census in Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas), 24.8% worked 5 to 14 hours, 10.8% worked 15 to 29 hours and 8.8% worked 30 hours or more.

Expand Families category,
includes family composition | weekly incomes | employment status of couple families

Families — family composition
Family composition Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Couple family without children 352,561 34.8 518,535 36.7 2,150,301 37.8
Couple family with children 485,806 47.9 651,071 46.0 2,534,399 44.6
One parent family 154,507 15.2 218,930 15.5 901,637 15.9
Other family 21,144 2.1 26,027 1.8 97,722 1.7

Of the families in Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas), 47.9% were couple families with children, 34.8% were couple families without children and 15.2% were one parent families.

Family Charts
Single (or lone) parents Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Proportion of the total single (or lone) parent population
Male -- 17.0 -- 17.2 -- 17.6
Female -- 83.0 -- 82.8 -- 82.4

In Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas) 17.0% of single parents were male and 83.0% were female.

Families — weekly incomes
Median family income, couple families with two incomes Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Families without children 2,177 -- 2,046 -- 2,081 --
Families with children 2,357 -- 2,242 -- 2,310 --
 
View the income fact sheet

In Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas), for couple families with two incomes, the median income for those with children was $2,357 and those without children was $2,177.

Families — employment status of couple families
Employment status of couple families Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Labour force, parents or partners aged 15 years and over
Both employed, worked full-time 183,569 21.9 245,136 21.0 1,015,165 21.7
Both employed, worked part-time 30,341 3.6 44,125 3.8 174,795 3.7
One employed full-time, one part-time 184,481 22.0 262,686 22.5 1,001,907 21.4
One employed full-time, other not working 144,598 17.2 191,291 16.4 736,322 15.7
One employed part-time, other not working 45,312 5.4 64,087 5.5 251,191 5.4
Both not working 152,232 18.2 222,472 19.0 899,598 19.2
Other 50,726 6.1 71,967 6.2 291,196 6.2
Labour force status not stated 47,105 5.6 67,841 5.8 314,529 6.7

In Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas), of couple families, 21.9% had both partners employed full-time, 3.6% had both employed part-time and 22.0% had one employed full-time and the other part-time.

Expand Dwellings category,
includes dwelling structure | household composition | mortgage & rent | number of motor vehicles

Dwellings — dwelling structure

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling type Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings 1,378,499 91.1 1,944,690 88.7 7,760,320 89.3
Unoccupied private dwellings 134,982 8.9 246,742 11.3 934,470 10.7

In Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas), 91.1% of private dwellings were occupied and 8.9% were unoccupied.

Dwelling structure Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings
Separate house 990,761 71.9 1,495,970 76.9 5,864,574 75.6
Semi-detached, row or terrace house, townhouse etc 163,949 11.9 185,737 9.6 765,980 9.9
Flat, unit or apartment 217,350 15.8 250,493 12.9 1,056,237 13.6
Other dwelling 5,883 0.4 11,692 0.6 66,666 0.9

Of occupied private dwellings in Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas), 71.9% were separate houses, 11.9% were semi-detached, row or terrace houses, townhouses etc, 15.8% were flats, units or apartments and 0.4% were other dwellings.

Dwelling Structure Charts
Number of bedrooms Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings
None (includes bedsitters) 6,986 0.5 8,768 0.5 42,160 0.5
1 bedroom 70,983 5.1 89,807 4.6 363,129 4.7
2 bedrooms 279,702 20.3 370,995 19.1 1,481,577 19.1
3 bedrooms 624,376 45.3 917,911 47.2 3,379,930 43.6
4 or more bedrooms 372,271 27.0 521,664 26.8 2,350,132 30.3
Number of bedrooms not stated 24,179 1.8 35,543 1.8 143,394 1.8
 
Average number of bedrooms per dwelling 3 -- 3 -- 3.1 --
Average number of people per household 2.6 -- 2.6 -- 2.6 --

In Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas), of occupied private dwellings 5.1% had 1 bedroom, 20.3% had 2 bedrooms and 45.3% had 3 bedrooms. The average number of bedrooms per occupied private dwelling was 3. The average household size was 2.6 people.

Bedroom Charts
Tenure Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings
Owned outright 450,968 32.7 665,416 34.2 2,488,149 32.1
Owned with a mortgage 501,724 36.4 697,533 35.9 2,709,433 34.9
Rented 379,975 27.6 515,586 26.5 2,297,458 29.6
Other tenure type 10,215 0.7 14,619 0.8 70,069 0.9
Tenure type not stated 35,615 2.6 51,535 2.7 195,213 2.5

Of occupied private dwellings in Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas), 32.7% were owned outright, 36.4% were owned with a mortgage and 27.6% were rented.

Dwellings — household composition
Household composition Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Family households 989,670 71.8 1,385,188 71.2 5,550,614 71.5
Single (or lone) person households 323,000 23.4 476,869 24.5 1,888,698 24.3
Group households 65,828 4.8 82,630 4.2 321,007 4.1

In Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas), of all households, 71.8% were family households, 23.4% were single person households and 4.8% were group households.

Household income Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Less than $600 gross weekly income -- 21.4 -- 23.8 -- 23.7
More than $3,000 gross weekly income -- 12.4 -- 10.4 -- 11.2
 
View the income fact sheet

In Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas), 21.4% of households had a weekly household income of less than $600 and 12.4% of households had a weekly income of more than $3,000.

Dwellings — mortgage & rent

Proportions are calculated using all tenure types for occupied private dwellings. This excludes visitor only and other non-classifiable households.

Rent weekly payments Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Median rent 301 -- 277 -- 285 --
 
Households where rent payments are less than 30% of household income -- 90.2 -- 90.9 -- 89.6
Households where rent payments are 30%, or greater, of household income -- 9.8 -- 9.1 -- 10.4
 
View the income fact sheet

Proportions in this table are calculated by taking the number of households whose rent payments were 30% or more of an imputed income measure and expressing this number as a proportion of the total number of households in an area, including those households which are not renting their dwelling (excluding the small proportion of visitor only and other non-classifiable households). The nature of the income imputation means that the reported proportion may significantly overstate the true proportion. Further information on the method to impute income is available in the income fact sheet.

Mortgage monthly repayments Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Median mortgage repayments 1,842 -- 1,700 -- 1,800 --
 
Households where mortgage payments are less than 30% of household income -- 89.1 -- 89.9 -- 90.1
Households where mortgage payments are 30%, or greater, of household income -- 10.9 -- 10.1 -- 9.9
 
View the income fact sheet

Proportions in this table are calculated by taking the number of households who own their dwelling, and whose mortgage payments were 30% or more of an imputed income measure and expressing this number as a proportion of the total number of households in an area, including those households which were renting their dwelling (excluding the small proportion of visitor only and other non-classifiable households). The nature of the income imputation means that the reported proportion may significantly overstate the true proportion. Further information on the method to impute income is available in the income fact sheet.

Dwellings — number of motor vehicles
Number of registered motor vehicles Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
None 128,600 9.3 164,030 8.4 665,852 8.6
1 motor vehicle 487,050 35.3 673,937 34.7 2,778,576 35.8
2 motor vehicles 507,176 36.8 720,287 37.0 2,802,468 36.1
3 or more vehicles 215,555 15.6 327,268 16.8 1,279,134 16.5
Number of motor vehicles not stated 40,114 2.9 59,167 3.0 234,292 3.0

In Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas), 35.3% of occupied private dwellings had one registered motor vehicle garaged or parked at their address, 36.8% had two registered motor vehicles and 15.6% had three or more registered motor vehicles.

Expand Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people category,
includes selected people & dwelling characteristics

People characteristics - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
People characteristics Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander 16,611 -- 37,990 -- 548,368 --
 
Male 8,264 49.8 18,675 49.2 270,331 49.3
Female 8,347 50.2 19,315 50.8 278,037 50.7
 
Median age 23 -- 22 -- 21 --

For the 2011 Census in Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas), there were 16,611 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Of these, 8,264 (or 49.8%) were male and 8,347 (or 50.2%) were female. The median age was 23 years.

Dwelling characteristics - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander households

Dwelling tables exclude visitor only and other non-classifiable households

Dwelling characteristics Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Average number of people per household 3 -- 3 -- 3.3 --
Average number of people per bedroom 1.2 -- 1.2 -- 1.2 --
Median household income 1,189 -- 962 -- 991 --
 
Average number of people per bedroom includes a miscalculation. For more information see the persons per bedroom correction page.

In Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas), for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, the average household size was 3, with 1.2 persons per bedroom. The median household income was $1,189.

Mortgage and rent Melbourne % Victoria % Australia %
Occupied private dwellings where at least one person was Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
Median weekly rent 275 -- 200 -- 195 --
Median monthly mortgage repayments 1,733 -- 1,500 -- 1,647 --

In Melbourne (Significant Urban Areas), for dwellings occupied by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, the median weekly rent was $275 and the median monthly mortgage repayment was $1,733.

LATEST ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (AEST) 28/03/2013

Some values may have been adjusted to avoid release of confidential data. This may have a significant impact on the calculated percentages.

The information contained in this QuickStat has been produced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics | It contains data from the 2011 Census of Population & Housing held on 9 August 2011 | Release date of this QuickStat was 28 March 2013 | Some values may have been adjusted to avoid release of confidential data | These adjustments may have a significant impact on the calculated percentages in QuickStats | For more information refer to Introduced Random Error in the 2011 Census Dictionary. For further enquiries contact the ABS National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 | www.abs.gov.au/census

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